facebook
Best IAS/IPS/UPSC Coaching Institute

CHOOSING ANTHROPOLOGY AS AN OPTIONAL | Chahal Academy

“The greatness of humanity is not in being human, but in being humane.” :Mahatma Gandhi

A UPSC aspirant is often faced with the dilemma of choosing the right optional.

WHAT IS ANTHROPOLOGY

Anthropology studies human beings in diverse aspects. These could be in terms of biology and evolution, society and culture, environment and ecology, demography and tribes, health and disease, human development from pre-natal stage to senescence, human genetics, research methods, religion, marriage, family among others. Hence, Anthropology has quite a diverse subject matter.

WHY OPT FOR ANTHROPOLOGY AS YOUR OPTIONAL?

ANTHROPOLOGY optional has become favourite of UPSC aspirants these days. Since it is yielding 270+ marks every year to the UPSC-Civil Services Examination toppers. However, UPSC does not discriminate between any of its optional subjects and one should consider his/her interest a top priority while choosing an optional.

Here are some facts to prove this argument

Name of the candidate Year of passing Rank secured Total marks (500) ANTHROPOLOGY Paper I Paper II
NEHA KUMARI CSE- 2014 26 271 140 131
KIRTHI CHEKURI CSE-2015 14 275 138 137
MILIND BAPNA CSE-2016 61 306 153 153
ANUDEEP DURISHETTY CSE-2017 01 318 171 147
LAKSHMI N CSE-2018 45 362 179 183

Optional subject marks play an important role in improving your UPSC-CSE all India ranking. Also, if you have not scored well in GS papers, you can still find your name in UPSC-CSE final list if you score well in optional papers.

What anthropology has to offer?

Anthropology covers the following aspects:

  • Diverse – ANTHROPOLOGY covers various dimensions, like- social, biological and archaeological.
  • Indian society- In Social Anthropology we study people and their society. And thus, we come to know about various aspects of Indian society.
  • Geographical locations- Availability of resource plays an important role in deciding which optional subject one should take. In Anthropology, adequate study material is available. Although, you are not required to read all of them and experts from Chahal IAS Academy will guide you properly.
  • Prepares Cultural part of General Studies- Anthropology optional helps in preparing cultural part in GS paper: we study different cultural practices across India and the world, in past and present
  • Biological anthropology- In biological Anthropology you will learn about genetics, human physical features, the concept of race, public health, diseases and demographic data of India on diseases, various policies for human welfare tribal laws and welfare committee and commission which can help you in framing answers of other questions in mains or essay.
  • Studies tribes and policy impact on them – • Here you have to read about 5-year plan and current affairs of tribes, recent policies and their impact. Here, an additional benefit comes for Anthropology candidate that you have already covered it in modern history and also while reading current affairs. So, there is no need for extra preparation which saves you time.

WHY ONE SHOULD JOIN CHAHAL ACADEMY FOR ANTHROPOLOGY?

Features of Chahal Academy ANTHROPOLOGY optional subject Online Course:-

  1. Detailed coverage of both Anthropology paper I & II for UPSC mains exam by Delhi based faculties.
  2. Interlinks between Anthropology optional and GS papers- Indian society, geography, culture, etc. are explained by Chahal IAS Academy faculty members in detail.
  3. Access to the best lecturers anytime and anywhere.
  4. 100+ hours of online lectures by Delhi based faculty members.
  5. The faculty has a year of experience in guiding students of Anthropology optional. The faculty is passionate about the subject and is the only teacher for Anthropology optional who teaches the subject in both Hindi and English medium.
  6. Videos can be played both on Web & Application
  7. Flexibility to watch a lecture 3 times

REASONS TO JOIN ONLINE COACHING FOR ANTHROPOLOGY BY CHAHAL ACADEMY:-

Super Affordable fees:

Usually, the cost of Anthropology optional coaching fee is approx. Rs.50,000/- to Rs.75,000/- whereas online coaching costs very less.

Join Now

Your time, Your Place:

While offline IAS coaching has a fixed time schedule, online coaching is flexible. Aspirants can save time from travelling between home, college and other places.

Join Now

Rescheduling

One of the biggest advantages of online Anthropology optional coaching is that no lecture or topic will be missed as you can watch it anytime anywhere on your laptop or mobile.

Join Now

ANTHROPOLOGY OPTIONAL SUBJECT ONLINE COURSE GUIDE:-

This course has been specially designed for those who are

  • Interested in opting Anthropology as optional with or without academic background in Anthropology.
  • Facing problems in correlating and connecting theories and concepts.
  • Studied the subject on their own and facing problem in writing standard answers.
  • Facing challenges in unfolding their knowledge to clear basic notions and theories.

SYLLABUS TO BE COVERED

INTRODUCTION, SCOPE AND DEVELOPMENT OF ANTHROPOLOGY RELATIONSHIPS WITH OTHER DISCIPLINES:

  • History
  • Sociology
  • Political science
  • Economics
  • Psychology
  • Medical sciences
  • Earth sciences
MAIN BRANCHES
  • Socio-cultural anthropology
  • Biological anthropology 
  • Archaeological anthropology
  • Linguistic anthropology
HUMAN EVOLUTION
  • Biological and cultural factors
  • Theories of organic evolution (Lamarckism, Darwinism)
  • Synthetic evolution 
  • Dollo’s rule
  • Cope’s rule
  • Gause’s rule
  • Parallelism
  • Convergence
  • Adaptive radiation
  • Mosaic evolution
PRIMATE CHARACTERISTICS
  • Evolutionary trend
  • Primate classification
  • Primate adaptation
  • Primate behaviour
  • Tertiary and quaternary fossil primates
  • Living major primates
  • Comparative anatomy of man and apes
  • Skeletal changes due to erect posture and its implications
  • Phylogenetic status, characteristics and geographical distribution of the following:
  • Pleo- Pleistocene hominids in south and east Africa- Australopithecines
  • Homo erectus:   Africa (Paranthropus), Europe (homo erectus heidelbergensis), Asia(homo erectus Javanicus, homo erectus  pekinensis)
  • Neanderthal man: la- chapelle-aux saints (classical type....mt carmel (progressive type)
  • Rhodesian man
  • Homo sapiens:  Cro-Magnon, Grimaldi, Chancelede)
BIOLOGICAL BASIS OF LIFE
  • The cell
  • DNA structure and replication
  • Protein synthesis
  • Gene
  • Mutation chromosomes cell division
DATING METHODS- 
  • Relative dating methods
  • Absolute dating methods 
CULTURE EVOLUTION
  • Palaeolithic
  • Mesolithic
  • Neolithic
  • Chalcolithic
  • Copper- bronze age
  • Iron age
THE NATURE OF CULTURE
  • The concept of culture
  • Characteristics of culture
  • Civilization
  • Difference between culture and civilization
  • Ethnocentrism
  • Cultural relativism
NATURE OF SOCIETY
  • Concept of society  
  • Society and culture
  • Social institutions
  • Social groups 
  • Social stratification
MARRAIGE:
  • Definition and universality
  • Laws of marriage
  • Types of marriage
  • Function of marriage 
  • Marriage regulations
  • Marriage payments
FAMILY:
  • Definition and universality
  • Family, household and domestic groups
  • Functions of family
  • Types of family
  • Impact of urbanization, industrialization and feminist movements on family 
KINSHIP
  • Consanguinity and affinity 
  • Principles and types of descent
  • Forms of descent groups
  • Kinship terminology
  • Descent and filiation and complementary filiation
  • Descent and alliance
ECONOMIC ORGANIZATION
  • Meaning, scope and relevance of economic anthropology
  • Formalist and substantivism debate
  • Principles governing production, distribution and exchange
  • Hunting, food gathering and fishing
  • Pastoralism
  • Horticulture
  • Agriculture
  • Globalization and indigenous economic systems
POLITICAL ORGANIZATION AND SOCIAL CONTROL
  • Band 
  • Tribe
  • Chiefdom
  • Kingdom and state
  • Concepts of power
  • Authority and legitimacy
  • Social control
  • Law and justice
RELIGION:
  • Anthropological approaches to study religion
  • Monotheism and polytheism
  • Sacred and profane
  • Myths and rituals
  • Forms of religion
  • Religion, magic and science
  • Magic-religious functionaries
ANTHROPOLOGICAL THEORIES
  • Classical evolutionism
  • Historical particularism
  • Functionalism
  • Structuralism
  • Culture and personality
  • Neo- Evolutionism
  • Cultural materialism
  • Symbolic and Interpretive theories
  • Cognitive theories
  • Post modernism
CULTURE, LANGUAGE AND COMMUNICATION
  • Nature, origin and characteristics of language
  • Verbal and non- verbal communication
  • Social context of language use
RESEARCH METHODS IN ANTHROPOLOGY
  • Fieldwork tradition
  • Distinction between technique, method and methodology
  • Tools of data collection
  • Analysis, interpretation and presentation data
HUMAN GENETICS
  • Methods and applications
  • Twin study
  • Foster method 
  • Co twin method
  • Cytogenetic method
  • Chromosomal and karyo-type analysis
  • Biochemical methods
  • Immunological methods
  • DNA recombinant technology
MENDELIAN GENETICS
  • Man- family study
  • Single factor 
  • Multifactor
  • Lethal and sub lethal
  • Polygenic inheritance
GENETIC POLYMORPHISM
  • Mandelian population
  • Hardy-Weinberg law
  • Changes in gene frequencies
  • Consanguineous and non- consanguineous mating
  • Genetic load
  • Genetic effect pf cousin marriage
CHROMOSOMAL ABERRATIONS IN MAN
  • Numerical and structural aberrations
  • Sex chromosomal aberrations
  • Autosomal aberrations
  • Genetic imprints in human disease, genetic screening, genetic counselling, DNA Profiling, gene mapping, genome study
RACE AND RACISM
  • Biological basis of morphological variation of non-metric and metric characters
  • Racial criteria
  • Racial traits in relation of heredity and environment
  • Biological basis of racial classification
  • Racial differentiation
  • Race crossing in man
AGE, SEX AND POPULATION VARIATION
  • Genetic markers (ABO, Rh blood groups. HLA, Hp, Transferrin, Gm, Blood enzymes)
  • Physiological characteristics (Hb level, body fat, pulse rate, respiratory functions and sensory perceptions in scoio-cultural groups)
ECOLOGICAL ANTHROPOLOGY
  • Biological adaptations
  • Genetic and non-genetic factors
  • Responses to hot, cold and high altitude
EPIDEMIOLOGICAL ANTHROPOLOGY
  • Health and disease
  • Infectious and non-infectious diseases
  • Nutritional deficiency related diseases
HUMAN GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT
  • Stages of growth
  • Pre- natal
  • Natal
  • Infant
  • Childhood
  • Adolescence
  • Maturity
  • Senescence (theories, observations)
  • Factors affecting it(environmental, biological, nutritional, cultural etc
FERTILITY
  • Menarche
  • Menopause
  • Fertility patterns
  • Fertility differentials
DEMOGRAPHIC THEORIES
  • Biological
  • Social
  • Cultural
APPLICATIONS OF ANTHROPOLOGY
  • Sports
  • Nutritional
  • Defence and other equipment’s’
  • Forensic
  • Sero-genetics
  • Cytogenetics

ANTHROPOLOGY OPTIONAL SUBJECT RECOMMENDED BOOKLIST

PAPER-I
  1. Anthropology – Ember and Ember
  2. Physical Anthropology – P Nath
  3. Braintree material
  4. For diagrams- Anthropology Simplified – Vivek Bhasme 
PAPER-II
  1. Indian Anthropology -Nadeem Hasnain
  2. Tribal India – Nadeem Hasnain
  3. Anthropology Simplified- Vivek Bhasme
  4. The Tribal Culture of India – LP Vidyarthi
  5. January 2014 edition of Yojana- Tribal and Marginalized Communities 
  6. Xaxa Report