Daily Current Affairs
18 December 2020

General Studies-I

Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society

Topic: Art & Culture

1)Hunar Haat

In News

Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Minister will inaugurate the 23rd Hunar Haat of indigenous master artisans in Rampur, Uttar Pradesh.

Details

  • The master artisans and craftsmen from Rajasthan, Nagaland, Madhya Pradesh, Manipur, Bihar, Andhra Pradesh, Jharkhand, Goa, Punjab, Ladakh, Karnataka, Gujarat, Haryana, Jammu-Kashmir, West Bengal, Maharashtra, Kerala and other places of the country have brought their indigenous products made with wood, brass, bamboo, glass, cloth, paper and clay.
  • Hunar Haat is proved to be an effective platform to provide large scale employment and employment opportunities to master artisans and craftsmen from every corner of the country.
  • Hunar Haat has become an effective mission of the Government to provide Backup to Brilliance and Encouragement to Expertise.

Hunar Haat

  • Hunar Haat is an exhibition of handicrafts and traditional products made by artisans from the minority communities.
  • These are organised by the Ministry of Minority Affairs under USTTAD (Upgrading the Skills & Training in Traditional Arts/Crafts for Development) scheme.
  • The USTTAD scheme aims to promote and preserve the rich heritage of the traditional arts & crafts of the minority communities.
  • These Haat aim to provide market exposure and employment opportunities to artisans, craftsmen and traditional culinary experts.
  • It envisages boosting the skills of craftsmen, weavers and artisans who are already engaged in the traditional ancestral work.
  • ‘Hunar Haat’ has proved to be “Empowerment Exchange” for master artisans and craftsmen.

 

Source: News On Air

 

General Studies-II

Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International Relations

 

Topic: Important International Day

2) International Migrants Day

In News

Every year, the International Migrants Day is celebrated on December 18 by the United Nations and several other international organizations.

  • This year, the International Migrants Day is celebrated under the theme: Reimagining Human Mobility.
  • December 18 was chosen because on this date, the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their families was adopted.

History

  • The resolution to celebrate International Migrants Day was adopted in 1990 during the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their families.
  • The day is celebrated by the United Nations to highlight the contributions made by the migrants.
  • According to UN, there are roughly around 272 million migrants in the world. This includes 41 million internally displaced persons.

 

Source: UN

 

General Studies-III

Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management

 

Topic: S&T

3) CMS-01

In News

The Indian Space Research Organisation, has successfully launched the country’s new communication satellite CMS-01 in the intended orbit in space.

  • The workhorse rocket PSLV-C50 carrying the satellite lifted off from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota.
  • The satellite was injected into the geo-syncronous transfer orbit.

Details

  • More maneuvers are coming in the next few days to raise the satellite's orbit slightly and to move it into its correct position in geosynchronous orbit, so that it is above India.
  • Once the satellite is ready, it will provide C-band communications for the Indian mainland and the Andaman-Nicobar and Lakshadweep islands for at least seven years.
  • CMS-01 will replace and enhance the services of GSAT-12, which was launched in 2011 with an expected mission life of eight years.

Communications satellite

  • A communications satellite is an artificial satellite that relays and amplifies radio telecommunications signals via a transponder; it creates a communication channel between a source transmitter and a receiver at different locations on Earth.
  • Communications satellites are used for television, telephone, radio, internet, and military applications.
  • Many are in geostationary orbit 22,236 miles (35,785 km) above the equator, so that the satellite appears stationary at the same point in the sky, so the satellite dish antennas of ground stations can be aimed permanently at that spot and do not have to move to track it.
  • The high frequency radio waves used for telecommunications links travel by line of sight and so are obstructed by the curve of the Earth.
  • The purpose of communications satellites is to relay the signal around the curve of the Earth allowing communication between widely separated geographical points.
  • Communications satellites use a wide range of radio and microwave frequencies.
  • To avoid signal interference, international organizations have regulations for which frequency ranges or "bands" certain organizations are allowed to use. This allocation of bands minimizes the risk of signal interference.

Upcoming projects

  • In early 2021, India expects to launch the Geo Imaging Satellite GISAT-1 (delayed from March) and PSLV-C51, which will send three private satellites into space – including one from a startup called Pixel India. The satellite, named Anand, will form part of a group of Earth observation satellites.
  • The first crewed mission of Gaganyaan expected to fly in early 2022.

 

Source: News On Air

 

Topic: Health

4) Organization of Pharmaceutical Producers of India (OPPI)

In News

Union Chemicals and Fertilizers Minister inaugurated the two-day Annual Summit of the Organization of Pharmaceutical Producers of India, OPPI in New Delhi.

Details

  • The Minister Conferred the lifetime achievement and Special Recognition awards during the summit.
  • The contribution of Indian pharmaceutical sector has been reinforced during this pandemic year when the companies, global and Indian, stepped in and stepped up their efforts in service of the country.
  • India is often referred to as the pharmacy of the world and it has been proven completely true during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic when India continued to produce and export critical life-saving medicines to the rest of the world.

OPPI

  • The Organization of Pharmaceutical Producers of India (OPPI) was established in 1965 and represents the research-based pharmaceutical companies in India.
  • OPPI remains committed to supporting the nation’s health care objectives and collaborating with all stakeholders to find sustainable solutions.
  • A holistic approach is needed to expand healthcare in India and OPPI believes the pharmaceutical industry can form part of the solution.
  • OPPI’s stringent Code of Pharmaceuticals Practices binds all our member companies. OPPI has constituted an Ethics & Business Integrity Work Group.

OPPI is an organization of research and innovation-driven pharmaceutical companies committed to addressing India’s healthcare needs by:

  • Facilitating greater access to quality healthcare solutions
  • Encouraging research and innovation
  • Disseminating knowledge and sharing best practices
  • Contributing meaningfully in policy dialogues

 

Source: News On Air

 

Topic: Development

5) Aatma Nirbhar Urja

In News

The Government is developing a clear roadmap of Aatma Nirbhar Urja for Aatma Nirbhar Bharat on the energy front.

  • This means more energy to improve the lives of Indians with a smaller carbon foot-print.

Details

  • India is now among the fastest growing large economies of the world with a strong determination to end poverty, including energy poverty. This demands rapid expansion of energy consumption and energy security.
  • The core of the government’s efforts is to achieve a growth path that is sustainable, keeping in view national priorities and resources.
  • During the last six years, India’s energy landscape has undergone a transformational change. India now is the third largest energy consumer in the world after the US and China.

National Biofuels Policy

  • India is tapping into huge biomass potential through the National Biofuels Policy.
  • India's Oil Marketing Companies already committed to set up twelve 2G bio-refineries and ethanol blended petrol.
  • The government is also giving a push to adopt a hydrogen fuel mix.
  • Major oil and gas companies have taken a lead by promoting the International Solar Alliance in addition to installing renewable energy capacities through independent efforts.

Other targets

  • India is ushering a gas-based economy by increasing the share of natural gas in India’s primary energy mix from 6.2% to 15 % by year 2030.
  • The government has announced last year the target of ‘One Nation One Gas Grid’.
  • India is set to expand the natural gas grid to 34,500 km, by adding another 17000 km of gas pipeline.
  • India's regasification capacity of existing 42 MMTPA will be expanded to 61 MMTPA by year 2022.
  • Natural gas marketing reforms have been announced to prescribe standard procedures to discover market price across various contractual regimes through a transparent and competitive manner.
  • Government is about to launch the India's first automated national-level gas trading platform and expansion of coverage of City Gas Distribution projects to cover 232 Geographical Areas spread over 400 districts, with a potential to cover about 53% of country’s geography and 70% of population.
  • India is adopting clean mobility solutions, with greater use of LNG as a transportation fuel including long haul trucking.
  • On the investments front, we have envisaged a spend of $60 billion in creating gas infrastructure till 2024, including for pipelines, LNG terminals and CGD networks.
  • The government is boosting rural economy by waste to wealth generation, under the Sustainable Alternative Towards Affordable Transportation (SATAT) initiatives. We are setting up of 5000 CBG plants by 2023-24 with production target of 15 MMT.

International Solar Alliance

  • The International Solar Alliance (ISA) is an alliance of 121 countries initiated by India, most of them being sunshine countries, which lie either completely or partly between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn.
  • The primary objective of the alliance is to work for efficient consumption of solar energy to reduce dependence on fossil fuels.
  • The alliance is a treaty-based inter-governmental organization. Countries that do not fall within the Tropics can join the alliance and enjoy all benefits as other members, with the exception of voting rights.

 

Source: News On Air

 

Topic: Defence

6) Defence Acquisition Council

In News

Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) meeting, approved proposals to procure equipment worth Rs 27,000 crore from the domestic industry.

  • DAC approved Capital Acquisition proposals of various weapons, platforms, equipment and systems required by the Indian Army, the Navy and Air Force.
  • Acquisition proposals approved include the DRDO designed and developed Airborne Early Warning and Control Systems for the Indian Air Force, Next Generation Offshore Patrol Vessels for the Indian Navy and Modular Bridges for the Indian Army.

DAC

  • The Defence Acquisition Council is the highest decision-making body in the Defence Ministry for deciding on new policies and capital acquisitions for the three services (Army, Navy and Air Force) and the Indian Coast Guard.
  • The Minister of Defence is the Chairman of the Council.
  • It was formed, after the Group of Ministers recommendations on 'Reforming the National Security System', in 2001, post Kargil War (1999).

Objective of DAC

The objective of the Defence Acquisition Council is to ensure expeditious procurement of the approved requirements of the Armed Forces in terms of capabilities sought, and time frame prescribed, by optimally utilizing the allocated budgetary resources.

Functions of the DAC

  • In-principle approval of 15 Year Long-Term Integrated Perspective Plan for Defence Forces
  • Accord of Acceptance of Necessity to acquisition proposals
  • Categorization of the acquisition proposals relating to 'Buy', 'Buy & Make' and 'Make'
  • Issues relating to Single vendor clearance
  • Decision regarding 'offset' provisions in respect of acquisition proposals above Rs. 300 crores
  • Decisions regarding Transfer of Technology under 'Buy & Make' category of acquisition proposals
  • Field Trial evaluation.

 

Source: News On Air