27 December 2020: Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exam
Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society
Topic: Art & Culture
1)Monpa Handmade Paper
The 1000-year old heritage art– the Monpa Handmade Paper of Arunachal Pradesh– which was driven to the extinction, has come to life once again, with the committed efforts of Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC).
- Once produced in every household in Tawang, this handmade paper was a major source of livelihood for the locals.
- Gradually the art became an integral part of local custom and culture in Tawang in Arunachal Pradesh.
- The fine-textured handmade paper, which is called Mon Shugu in the local dialect, is integral to the vibrant culture of the local tribes in Tawang.
- The paper has great historic and religious significance as it is the paper used for writing Buddhist scriptures and hymns in monasteries.
- The Monpa handmade paper, will be made from the bark of a local tree called Shugu Sheng, which has medicinal values too.
- Back then, Monpas used to sell these papers to countries like Tibet, Bhutan ,Thailanand and Japan as no paper making industry existed in these countries at that time.
- However, the local industry gradually began declining and the indigenous handmade paper was taken over by inferior Chinese paper.
Khadi and Village Industries Commission
- The KVIC is a statutory body formed in April 1957 by the Government of India, under the Act of Parliament, 'Khadi and Village Industries Commission Act of 1956'.
- It is an apex organisation under the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises, with regard to khadi and village industries within India, which seeks to - "plan, promote, facilitate, organise and assist in the establishment and development of khadi and village industries in the rural areas in coordination with other agencies engaged in rural development wherever necessary."
- Khadi refers to hand-spun and hand-woven cloth. The raw materials may be cotton, silk, or wool, which are spun into threads on a charkha.
- Khadi was launched in 1920 as a political weapon in the Swadeshi movement of Mahatma Gandhi.
- Khadi is sourced from different parts of India, depending upon its raw materials - While the silk variety is sourced from West Bengal, Bihar, Odisha and North Eastern states, the cotton variety comes from Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and West Bengal.
- Khadi poly is spun in Gujarat and Rajasthan while Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir, karnataka are known for the woolen variety.
- There are a wide range of Khadi personal care products manufactured in Uttarakhand Khadi Products - Handmade and Natural.
Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International Relations
2) Best Performing Civic Body
The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs has selected Greater Vishakhapatnam Municipal Corporation (GVMC) as the best performing civic body.
- The GVMC has been chosen under the annual awards for excellence instituted by the Union Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs to recognise the outstanding contribution of Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana-Urban in 2019.
- The award will be presented by the Union MOS for housing and urban affairs on January 1, 2021.
- Andhra Pradesh has secured the third position in the best performing State category. Similarly, the State has also bagged the special category award in project monitoring tools and innovative construction technology.
- Mirzapur won the best performing Municipal body. Nagar Panchayat Malihabad Lucknow was selected for the first place and Hariharpur was selected for the second place.
- The Ministry has decided to include awards for “Best Performances for utilisation of technology and transparency in selection of housing beneficiaries in urban areas”. A total of five awards are presented. They are as follows:
- Best Performing States
- Best Performing Municipal Corporation
- Best Performing Municipality
- Best House Construction
- Special Awards to recognise best practices
- Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY) is an initiative in which affordable housing will be provided to the urban poor with a target of building 20 million affordable houses by 31 March 2022.
- It has two components: Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban) for the urban poor and Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana (Gramin) (PMAY-G and also PMAY-R) for the rural poor.
- This scheme is converged with other schemes to ensure houses have a toilet, Saubhagya Yojana electricity connection, Ujjwala Yojana LPG gas connection, access to drinking water and Jan Dhan banking facilities, etc.
Source: New Indian Express
Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management
3) Thoubal Multipurpose Project
Thoubal Multipurpose Project inaugurated by Home Minister in Manipur. Thoubal Multipurpose Project scheme was launched in 2004 during Atal Bihari Vajpayee. This project that will irrigate 35,104 hectares is on the verge of completion.
- He inaugurated the e-office and Thoubal Multipurpose Project (Thoubal Dam) in Imphal through virtual mode.
- He also laid the foundation stone of projects, including the Churachandpur Medical College, IT-SEZ at Mantripukhri, Manipur Bhawan in New Delhi and the Integrated Command and Control Center at Imphal.
- The State Police Headquarters and Smart City Integrated Center at Imphal will help in advancing smart governance.
- After the creation of IT-SEZ, the GDP of Manipur will increase by ?4,600 crore annually and there will be employment generation for 44,000 people.
Source: Live Mint
4) ‘Green propulsion’ technology
Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) Chairman said the organisation was developing "green propulsion" technology, believed to be less harmful to the environment, for its human spaceflight missions.
- Propulsion means push forward or drive an object forward.
- The term is derived from two Latin words: pro, meaning before or forward; and pellere, meaning to drive. A propulsion system consists of a source of mechanical power, and a propulsor.
- In rockets and airplanes, the propulsion is generated through the application of Newton’s third law, “for every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction”.
Green Propulsion Technology
- ISRO began the journey of developing Green Propulsion Technology in 2018. ISRO developed an eco-friendly solid propellant Glycidyl Azide polymer GAP as fuel and Ammonium Di-Nitramide as oxidizer in 2018.
- ISRO had been carrying out technology demonstration projects involving green propellant combinations such as kerosene, Hydrogen Peroxide, Liquid Oxygen, AND-Glycerol-water, AND-Methanol-water.
- ISRO has begun the testing of Liquid Oxygen, Liquid Hydrogen based propulsion systems for launch vehicles.
- ISRO has already using Green Propulsion Technologies in its mission. However, the technologies are used only in part of the mission. For instance, Liquid Oxygen, Liquid Hydrogen combination of propulsion is used in the Cryogenic upper states of GSLV Mk-III launch vehicle.
- ISRO has developed ISORENE. ISORENE is rocket grade version of kerosene. It is an alternative to conventional Hydrazine rocket fuel.
- ISRO successfully demonstrated the Electric Propulsion system in its South Asia Satellite that was launched in May 2017.
Source: The Hindu