Current Affairs play a significant role in UPSC Civil Services Exam preparation as the dynamic questions appear in all three stages of the examination- Pre, Mains, and Interview. The Questions may be directly or even indirectly linked to the static part of the syllabus. UPSC recent trend shows, dynamism in question pattern will grow in the upcoming time also.
Though current affairs are important, there is not exactly a detailed & defined syllabus of current affairs for both stages prelims and mains examination of UPSC civil service exam. The prelims syllabus just mentions, “Current events of national and international importance". Therefore, the different approach of an aspirant decide his/her preparation towards the current affairs.
In this regard, the candidate must analyse the trend of the previous year's question sets of prelims and mains. It gives a basic understanding, how many questions asked, how much weightage of marks of current affairs in different subjects, how current affair interlinked with a different topic of syllabus, hence candidate may align his preparation himself with the right approach to deal with this exam appropriately.
Prelims exam of recent 5 years contained almost 30 questions (60 marks) each year becomes crucial for the candidate and deciding factor for success in prelims exam.
Apart from the prelims exam when we write the mains exam, it requires a multidimensional approach of dealing with different issues, so current affair becomes vital in this regard. Current affair helps to develop own capability of analytical and logical thinking on different topics like current social issues, election reforms, economic issues, national interest in international relation, etc. The current affair not only helps to deal with these questions properly but also helps to fetch good marks. Even we observe the recent static portion of polity, history, geography, culture, etc, questions are interlinked with current events. There is a lot of question of environment, science & tech, requires a real-time logical solution in our conclusion part of answer writing. so the current affair is a necessary tool to coherently dealing these questions and also gives gives a vital edge in essay writing also.The above resources are helpful for General Studies -2 and General Studies-3.
The process of UPSC Interview is an assessment of not only a candidate's knowledge part but also the capability of dealing with the real situation through his innovative approach and his interest in current events. Candidates are expected to have taken an intelligent interest not only various subjects of general studies & optional subject study but also a good knowledge of current event outside or inside of the country, other scientific knowledge such as new discoveries, space missions, use of satellite in disaster management, gene editing and how it helps society, etc. current affair always beneficial to provide a better solution and scientific approach to representing yourself as a problem solver.
In the absence of a detailed syllabus of Current Affairs, candidates have a lot of confusion about proper resources, topics, the approach of reading, what to read in the newspaper, etc. This article will give a proper way to answer all queries simplistically.
At first, the aspirant should make a list of subjects such as Economics, Science & Tech, environment, polity, international relation, security, society, etc. These subjects should be again divided among subtopics such as economics contains subtopics like food processing, infrastructure, investment model, inclusive growth, etc. same way international relation contains bilateral relation separately with important countries, WTO, SAARC, SCO, BRICS, etc.
When we read newspapers related to different subtopics, then we should make notes at the same time, later you should revise again and again. The facts will helpful in prelims, while interlinking news with subtopics and analysis will be helpful to form your own opinion in the mains exam. This holistic approach also reflects in the interview stage.
The newspaper contained a lot of things, which is not necessary from an exam point of view. The aspirant should avoid news on political parties and their conferences, share market details, entertainment column, sports news, other local regional news, etc, the candidate may read sports or entertainment if he considers it as a hobby section in the interview.
Reading newspaper is not enough, the candidate should always update own notes regularly and always keep revision. It will be helpful in the entire process of preparation.
It is preferable that a candidate should follow a particular newspaper daily and make notes out of it, preferably- The Hindu or Indian Express. The candidate should avoid reading the same news from multiple sources, it may take too much time and not so productive. So aspirant should focus cover multiple things from the same sources and try to cover maximum useful topics.
The study sources for current affairs can be divided into two categories- primary & secondary:
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