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The Indian Administrative Services (IAS) formerly known as the Imperial Civil Service during the British rule is one of the three arms of All India services along with IPS and IFS. IAS officers are recruited through the civil services examination which is famous for being one of the toughest competitive exams in the world. Union Public Service Commission is the central agency that conducts this exam. Every year approximately 10 lakh students apply for this exam to become IAS officers but only a few of them (around 0.2%) are able to crack it. In this article, we bring forward to you everything that you need to know about the IAS.
Indian Administrative Services is the premier administrative civil service of the government of India. It acts as a foundation of bureaucracy and administration of this country. Being an IAS officer is the dream job of many. Hierarchy-wise, IAS is on top of the list of 24 services offered by the UPSC through civil services examination. Members of the IAS are employed in union government, state government, and even in the public sector and international organisations. Jobs offered to the IAS officers are the post of SDM, Collector, Commissioner, Chief Secretary, Cabinet Secretary to name a few.
IAS exam is conducted by the UPSC every year to select suitable candidates for India’s premiere civil services. It is conducted in three stages i.e., Prelims, Mains and Personal Interview. Every year, less than 1000 candidates are selected for the overall 24 posts. Let's dive into the details of the process.
|Paper||Type||No. of questions||Marks||Duration|
|General Studies I||Objective||100||200||2 hours|
|General Studies II (CSAT)||Objective||80||200||2 hours|
|Paper A||Compulsory Indian language||3 hours||300|
|Paper B||English||3 hours||300|
|Paper I||Essay||3 hours||250|
|Paper II||General Studies I||3 hours||250|
|Paper III||General Studies II||3 hours||250|
|Paper IV||General Studies III||3 hours||250|
|Paper V||General Studies IV||3 hours||250|
|Paper VI||Optional I||3 hours||250|
|Paper VII||Optional II||3 hours||250|
|Category||Upper Age Limit for UPSC||Maximum Number of Attempts|
|Economically Weaker Section (EWS)||32||6|
|Defence Services Personnel||35||9|
|Persons with Benchmark Disability||35||9|
It is important to note that your attempt will be counted only when you appear for the examination. Merely filing the form is not considered as an attempt.
The role of an IAS officer depends on the assignment they get. The assignments are categorized into 3 types.
There are a number of benefits and perks of being an IAS officer. But before that, you need to clear the UPSC exam which is not an easy task. Firstly, candidates should have a long term strategy. Secondly, goal-oriented students start preparing for the exam 12 months before the date. However, there are students who have been ranked at the top by only a few months of preparation. The quality of your study matters the most. IAS exam is much more than the verbal and written exam. It showcases the personality and the hard work of the candidate. Further, you may also choose the best institute to prepare for the exam. But don't forget that you have to be extremely hard working and focused to be an IAS officer. The exam is the reflection of where you stand. Extreme hard work will do wonders for you.
Here are a few tips to crack the IAS Exam fast. Follow these and do the hard work.
An IAS officer enjoys a lot of benefits and perks which makes it one of the most sought-after careers in the country. They have the power to make a difference in the lives of millions of people. They also command huge respect in society. Let’s take a look at a few of the benefits available to IAS officers:
The government of India elects a Pay Commission to finalize the salary of central government employees. Moreover, the government of India finalizes whether to choose it or reject it. Also, the inflation rate affects salary. To sum up, it means that the salary keeps fluctuating according to the economy. However, the salary keeps on increasing with time. And from transport to house help, everything is under government expense.
The 7th Pay Commission was approved by the cabinet on 29th June 2018. Moreover, the IAS officer gets 56,100 as the basic pay at the entry-level. Then 16,500 is the grade pay. Also, the maximum salary of a senior IAS officer is 2,70,000. And the additional allowances are:
The IAS officers get paid too during the training. But officially it is not salary, it is termed as Special Pay Advance. However, the amount is 45,000 per month that they get during the entire period. In other words, at the end of the day, they get 38,500 because 10,000 is deducted as a bill of mess food, uniform, tracksuit, horse riding costumes, etc. It also includes other miscellaneous expenses.
The whole IAS cadre is divided into 8 Ranks or grades. Moreover, the basic pay keeps on increasing time to time as they keep getting promotions. Also, the promotion is on a service record basis and happens every 4-5 years. On the other hand, the IAS salary depends upon his/her experience, ranks, and pay grade. Also, The retirement package includes benefits like service vehicles, house help, security for the family. In other words, these benefits and salaries of the IAS officer can never be offered by the private sector. Though the salary at a private firm can be high, the respect that an IAS officer receives is incomparable.
|Pay Grade||Grade||Basic Pay||Grade Pay||Service Period||Post|
|10||Junior Scale||₹50,000 - ₹1,50,000||₹16,500||0-4 years||SDM, SDO, ADM (after 2 years probation period)|
|11||Senior Time Scale||₹50,000 - ₹1,50,001||₹20,000||5 years||DM, DC, Joint Secretary|
|12||Junior Administrative Grade||₹50,000 - ₹1,50,002||₹23,000||9 years||Special Secretary, State Government Department Heads|
|13||Selection Grade||₹1,00,000 - ₹2,00,000||₹26,000||12-15 years||Ministry Department Head|
|14||Super Time Scale||₹1,00,000 - ₹2,00,000||₹30,000||17-20||Director of any Ministry|
|15||Above Super Time Scale||₹1,00,000 - ₹2,00,000||₹30,000||Not Fixed||Commissioner, Additional Secretary|
|16||Apex Scale||₹2,40,000(fixed)||NA||Not Fixed||Chief Secretary in Ministries|
|17||Cabinet Secretary Grade||₹2,70,000||NA||Not Fixed||Cabinet Secretary|
The IAS post is much more than its salary. Many people don't know how much hard work it goes to become an IAS officer. Moreover, some don't even have an idea of how strong and powerful the position is. This what makes the UPSC exam so difficult to crack. In short, if you are thinking to be an IAS officer, do prepare thoroughly at home.
Other than IAS salary, the officer has great power and responsibilities. Also, even if the IAS salary gets matched or sometimes less than the private sector, the power and command are unmatched by other professions.
It is very important to look at the syllabus before starting the preparation to understand all the aspects of the civil services examination. The prelims is an objective type paper, The mains is a subjective exam and the Interview is a viva- exam. The candidate is chosen on the basis of the marks of the Main exam and Interview. The total marks for the Mains exam is 1750. The total marks for the Interview is 275. Therefore, the student should prepare wisely. The syllabus has questions from a wide range of subjects. Compared to other subjects, the syllabus of this exam is quite vast and exhaustive.
UPSC wishes to test your personality and not merely your knowledge. So, relax and read as much as you can about the happenings around the world to brush up your knowledge. Consequently, you will perform well.
Clearing the IAS exam is not an easy task. Therefore, it requires a lot of hard work and focus on your part. You must study the syllabus thoroughly and come up with a detailed strategy of covering all the subjects given in the syllabus. Identify your strengths and weaknesses and prioritise things accordingly. Apart from regular studies, pay attention to your health too. Indulge in regular exercise, sleep well, and also maintain a balanced diet. Moreover, follow your daily schedule properly and be aware of the happenings around you. Don't forget to read the newspaper daily. Practice mock tests and revise regularly to achieve your goal of becoming an IAS officer
The position of an IAS officer commands huge respect and prestige in society. Along with various perks and benefits, you get a chance to serve the nation and work at the grassroots levels to bring a positive change in society. Therefore you should put in all your hard work and prepare for this exam with full dedication and focus.
1. Is there any negative marking for wrong answers?
Only the Prelims paper is objective in nature and has negative marking. For every wrong answer. 0.66 marks will be deducted.
2. What is the cut-off of the prelims?
The cut off for paper 1 is set by UPSC. But for paper 2 the cut off is 33%.
3. How many papers are there in the main exam?
The main exam has 9 papers. However, 7 papers are used for ranking. And 2 papers are qualifying in nature. You have to secure minimum marks to qualify.
4. What are the other duties of IAS officer?
Apart from the above-mentioned duties, an IAS officer also has to represent the nation on an International level for negotiation.
5. What is the starting salary of IAS officer?
56,100 is the approximate starting salary of an IAS officer. However, it fluctuates and can go high after a few years of experience.
6. What are the additional perks for IAS officer?
The additional perks include transport, travel, accommodation, and many other facilities. Moreover, these are just a few perks out of many. IAS officers also get subsidized rates in many foreign countries.
7. What is the maximum salary of an IAS officer?
2,70,000 is the maximum salary of an IAS officer. An IAS officer can reach up to the top to become a Cabinet Secretary - the highest position for Civil Servants in the government of India. But it fluctuates according to inflation of the economy. Also, the officer gets a promotion every 4-5 years.
8. What is Special Pay Advance?
Special pay advance is a term for the amount that IAS officers receive during training. It is the salary that they get on behalf of their cadre. It is supposed to be 45000/- But the final amount received is 38,500 after deducting 10,000 for miscellaneous expenses.
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