May

31May
2021

31 May 2021: Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exam

1. Extend benefits to all orphans, demand Odisha activists: In backward areas, hunger and poverty too snap lives leaving them vulnerable, they say 2. The monsoon’s arrival over Kerala has been delayed to June 3, according to an update by the India Meteorological Department (IMD) on Sunday.  3. China’s space station plans gather pace with cargo docking 4. Emergency Credit Line Guarantee Scheme (ECLGS) expanded - ECLGS 4.0 for onsite oxygen generation, wider coverage of ECLGS 3.0 and increase in tenorfor ECLGS 1.0. 5. OMCs pay 73% higher excise duty even as crude oil prices decline 6. Reserve Bank likely to keep rates on hold, extend GSAP. 7. Indian startups are flush with cash amid rapid digitization 8. National Museum not moving out yet, being dressed up for 2023 G20: A new Kashi Gallery is being created as part of the museum's makeover. The auditorium will be upgraded, and the gallery dedicated to Central Asian Antiquities will be expanded and digitised with the help of IIT-Bombay. 9. Centre looks to finetuning vaccine strategy: studying single-shot effect to mixing doses; Covishield, which is the main Covid vaccine in use in India, accounts for nearly 90 per cent of the 208.89 million doses administered 10. Online business will finish us if markets don’t open, say traders in Delhi 11. Centre vs states: how IAS officers are put on central deputation ???????12. Cryptocurrency will lead the next phase of digital revolution in India ???????13. Matter of compensation: Centre and states must amicably arrive at GST loss estimate, how to finance it, and road ahead. ???????14. Revisiting America: India-US are moving forward — on urgent priorities in pandemic, and on future bilateral agenda. ???????15. What we need is the mass production of vaccines in order to inoculate the global population

29May
2021

29 May 2021: Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exam

1. Amid claims by the Centre that “all Indians” would be vaccinated by the year end, Bharat Biotech, the manufacturer of Covaxin, has disclosed that it takes 120 days — or about four months — for a manufactured batch of vaccines to be released for supply.  2. Dowry deaths | Supreme Court widens scope of Section 304-B 3. India backs calls for renewed study by WHO into origins of coronavirus pandemic 4. Cyclone Yaas | PM announces ?1,000 crore aid for three cyclone-hit States 5. As India watches keenly, Sri Lanka seeks FDI in Port City 6. Courts in “extraordinary circumstances” have the discretion to grant protection from arrest to accused even while denying them anticipatory bail, but the power cannot be exercised in an untrammelled manner, and the order will have to be a reasoned one, the Supreme Court ruled on Friday. 7. Data: An essential weapon against Covid; Enabling access to data is critical for experts to analyse and provide evidence-based knowledge to guide decision making 8. Political uncertainty in the neighbouring country does not benefit India. Delhi must remain engaged without being interventionist 9. Explained: Why edible oils are costlier; The prices of six edible oils have risen sharply in the last one year. How much edible oil do Indians consume? What domestic and international factors have caused this price rise, and what is the way forward? 10. Explained: Why Lakshadweep Administration proposals have upset locals; Lakshadweep row: The UT Administration has said Praful K Patel's proposals are aimed at ensuring safety and well-being of residents along with promoting the islands as a tourist destination on par with the Maldives. 11. While public sector banks managed to bring down the number of frauds, private and foreign banks have reported a surge in frauds for the year 2020-21. The number of frauds involving private banks rose from 3,065 to 3,710 in FY21, the amount involved in these frauds shot up 35.43 per cent to Rs 46,335 crore as of March 2021 from Rs 34,211 crore in March 2020, the Reserve Bank of India said. 12. ‘Our commitment to privacy is unimpeachable. Are they(Social Media platforms) permitting free speech by not obeying Constitution?’: Ravi Shankar Prasad 13. Indian Immunologicals Limited to start production of drug substance for Covaxin under Mission COVID Suraksha 14. Digital wallets may regain some ground, with India’s payments body and the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) allowing more flexibility to the digital payment mechanism that lost some relevance following the introduction of unified payments interface (UPI) transactions. 15. The RBI’s transfer is a much-needed buffer, but there are risks in banking on these surpluses

28May
2021

28 May 2021: Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exam

1. Pandemic takes a toll on mental health 2. Reforms for betterment of islanders, says Collector 3. Supreme Court had cautioned government on invasion of individual privacy ‘De-encryption, if easily available, could defeat the fundamental right to privacy’ 4. UN rights chief: Israeli strikes in Gaza may be war crimes 5. The News Broadcasters Association (NBA), one of the largest industry bodies of news channels, on Thursday wrote to the Information and Broadcasting (I&B) Ministry seeking exemption for digital news published by channels from the ambit of IT Rules 2021, stating that it is already “sufficiently regulated” by various statutes, laws, guidelines, codes and regulations. 6. RBI Annual Report for 2020-21: ‘Fall in provisions, sharp forex gains led to higher RBI surplus’; It has been able to transfer a higher amount to the government 7. The value of credit card transactions declined by Rs 1 lakh crore to Rs 7,30,895 crore in 2020-21 from Rs 6,30,414 crore in the previous year in the wake of the countrywide lockdown due to the Covid pandemic. 8. Steel production likely to fall 8-10% due to non-availability of oxygen 9. The share of Rs 2,000 notes, however, has been declining both in value and volume terms. Every third banknote in circulation is a Rs 500: RBI annual report 10. Raksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh launches SeHAT OPD portal to provide tele-medicine services to Armed Forces personnel and veterans 11. Bank frauds of ?1 lakh and more fell by 25% in value to ?1.38 trillion in the previous fiscal with the number of such cases also seeing a decline of 15% during the year, showed the Reserve Bank of India’s annual report released on Thursday. 12. By and large, the Information Technology Rules, 2021 go against landmark judicial precedents upholding key rights 13. The dangers of a centralised database for justice system. It will replicate caste bias and violate liberty and privacy of citizens.

27May
2021

27 May 2021: Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exam

1. WhatsApp has moved the Delhi High Court against India’s new and stricter IT Rules that require instant messaging platforms to aid in identifying the ‘originator’ of messages.  2. WhatsApp? case? in Delhi HC first big test of privacy law 3. Quad targeting China: Chinese Consul General 4. Mis-administrator: Centre must advise Lakshadweep administrator against imposing questionable agenda in name of islands’ development. 5. Social media and safe harbour: New rules have come into effect, taking away the protection granted to social media intermediaries under Section 79 of the IT Act if they fail to comply. What is this protection, and in what circumstances is it lost? 6. Explained: How Delhi's foodgrain scheme is working on the ground 7. Vaccination: The $5 trillion question: The answer to the question of how to vaccinate a billion Indians is perhaps to be found in basic economics 8. Ayush Minister to launch the repository portal & Ayush Sanjivani App tomorrow 9. Railways maintain DOUBLE DIGIT growth in Freight Traffic inspite of Covid challenges 10. Naturally, selection: On vaccinating the vulnerable in 18+ group 11. With uncertainty set to continue, India needs to remain actively engaged with all the political actors 12. GST and the fundamental problem is the erosion of ‘trust’ and ‘trustworthiness’ between the States and the Centre13. There is an urgent need to strengthen the public distribution system and the MGNREGS

26May
2021

26 May 2021: Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exam

1. As new IT rules come into force on May 26, Facebook says it aims to comply 2. Climate scientists say the Bay of Bengal, where cyclone Yaas has formed, is at least two degrees warmer than what is normal for this time of the year. “The north Bay of Bengal is exceptionally warm with temperatures up to 32C. 3. Mucormycosis | ‘Avoid visiting damp and dusty places for a few weeks’ 4. Coronavirus | EU leaders agree to donate 100 million doses of vaccines 5. Railways sees freight earnings soar to more than pre-Covid times: Overall freight earnings have touched Rs 2,000 crore, slightly more than for the same period in 2019-20, and over 50% more than last year. 6. Insurance FDI rules set, govt looks to whet investor appetite: As per the fresh set of regulations, an Indian insurance company with 74 per cent foreign equity should have majority of its directors, key management personnel, and at least one among the chairperson of its Board, its managing director and its chief executive officer; as resident Indian citizens. 7. GST panel rejects demand for tax waiver on Covid-19 vax, ventilator 8. Farzad-B gas field: India one of the losers in energy politics of West Asia ???????9. Pfizer ready with 50 mn doses for India; Moderna jab, which is effective on teens is likely in 2022: Report 10. The pandemic has shown that India’s healthcare system is lacking on multiple fronts and calls for a rework by all stakeholders. 11. Secretary of State Antony Blinken visited Israel and the West Bank on Tuesday, announcing new U.S. aid and plans for closer ties with Palestinians while airing some disagreements between the Biden administration and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. 12. The Govt. must hear out the social media industry, and shed its arbitrary rule-making 13. With no short road to universal vaccination, lockdowns should be precise and painless 14. State universities require funding if online education is to continue in India ???????15. Despite best intentions of an Act East Policy, India’s standing and image in South east Asia have suffered; Indian diplomacy must take a fresh look at its Southeast Asia policy and the constraints being imposed on it by unsatisfactory economic performance and sectarian and communal politics at home. 16. Centre and state governments must ensure real-time release of death registration statistics. It will capture true scale of tragedy, enable better planning to manage future waves

25May
2021

25 May 2021: Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exam

1. Draft notification for creation of a Lakshadweep Development Authority unsustainable, socially, politically or ecologically. 2. Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, on Monday announced that it will be setting up ‘Optics and Photonics Centre’ to study the fundamental properties of light and harnessing them in practical application. 3. India recorded highest ever FDI inflow of over $81 billion in FY21, 10% higher than previous year. 4. Explained: The US central bank’s plan for cryptocurrencies, and why it is significant 5. FDI equity inflows at record $60 billion in FY21 6. Deal possible on Global minimum tax: U.S. Treasury deputy chief sees G7 backing for 15%-plus global minimum tax 7. India and Israel sign a three-year work program for cooperation in Agriculture 8. Mandatory Hallmarking of Gold Jewellery to begin from 15th June 9. A Bangalore based startup has received the National Award 2021 from Technology Development Board (TDB) for developing a commercial solution for conversion of CO2 to chemicals and fuels. 10. Countries must vaccinate 10% of their population by Sept, says WHO 11. Media reports suggest that Out-of-pocket expenses make up to 30-50% of the total amount spent on covid-19 treatment. 12. Merger of GST slabs likely to take longer. GST Council meets this Friday to discuss issues flagged by states regarding this. 13. China Denies Claim Of Illness At Wuhan Lab Before Covid Outbreak In 2019; Such was a claim by an intelligence report 14. Dinesh Mohan: a visionary committed to real change. He leaves behind a team of inspired researchers both in India and abroad to carry forward the sustainable transport and liveable cities movement. 15. The Centre’s directive to Twitter to remove ‘manipulated media’ tag on posts is illegal 16. The Biden moment offers Delhi an opportunity to elevate defence cooperation to a higher level 17. A single global tender for vaccine procurement. The scramble by the States is destined to be inequitable and inefficient and portrays lack of coordination 18. Expanding the scope of POCSO. Reforming the law is necessary to account for the reporting of historical child sexual abuse

24May
2021

24 May 2021: Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exam

1. India to push for Covaxin recognition by WHO and EU 2. Aurovillian Christoph Pohl’s documentary Ever Slow Green, which tells the story of Auroville’s unique afforestation project that took root on an eroded desert plateau in Villupuram district, has been officially selected for screening at the prestigious ChangeNow summit in Paris. 3. Operation Samudra Setu II: In the largest consignment of liquid medical oxygen, Navy’s INS Jalashwa arrived in Visakhapatnam with 300 metric tonne of oxygen and more than 3,600 oxygen cylinders from Singapore and Brunei under the ongoing Operation Samudra Setu II. 4. Dent in 'China Cooperation Group' in Europe: Lithuania said on Saturday it was quitting China’s 17+1 cooperation forum with central and eastern European states that includes other EU members, calling it “divisive”. ???????5. Loophole in plan for Vaccine Procurement at state level: Moderna refuses Punjab vaccine request, says it deals with Centre alone 6. Without hyphens: Jaishankar signals that Delhi won’t abandon difficult dialogue with China, nor is it panicking into military alliance with US 7. Afghanistan 2.0: What continued US engagement means for the regionAs US withdraws troops from Afghanistan, developments in the country will raise security concerns beyond South Asia ???????8. Explained: How UNESCO grants World Heritage Site tag; Maharashtra lists 14 forts in tentative ‘serial’ nomination. What that means, and what next. 9. RBI's new restructuring package for small borrowers: Will it work? 10. Why India can’t stop exports of the vaccines for long 11. Judgment on Singing guarantees: The Supreme Court judgment upholding creditors’ right to proceed against personal guarantors to loans provided by them to a corporate borrower and also the individuals who had furnished personal guarantees to enable the flow of credit to the company they had stood surety for. 12. C Rangarajan: Recalibrate growth, reprioritise expenditures. Protecting total expenditures at the budgeted level and mass vaccination are important in India’s pandemic situation 13. Environmental fiscal reforms will reduce pollution and generate resources for financing the health sector.

22May
2021

22 May 2021: Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exam

1. Delhi High Court quashes GST on oxygen concentrators 2. Rules for insurance firms’ control tweaked after FDI ceiling raised to 74% 3. The RBI board approved the transfer of ?99,122 crore as surplus to the central government for the accounting period of nine months ended 31 March 2021 (July 2020-March 2021), while deciding to maintain the contingency risk buffer at 5.5%," it said. 4. Sunderlal Bahuguna was a Gandhian whose message will remain relevant for years to come 5. Supreme Court order takes away states’ power to decide on backward class reservation. That was not the Centre’s intention. The court must reconsider 6. The government has hiked the subsidy on DAP fertiliser by 137%. A look at the political and economic compulsions that led to the move after fertiliser manufacturers had hiked retail prices. 7. Communication between the IT Ministry and WhatsApp on the issue of the updated privacy policy has been going on since January this year. Going forward, what are the options for WhatsApp in India? 8. Explained: How Tauktae compares with other cyclones in severity, damage: Formed in the Arabian Sea, Cyclone Tauktae has killed 104 people so far, which is more than the toll from any single cyclone from the Arabian Sea over the last one decade. 9. Explained: Currency with public jumps to Rs 28.39 lakh crore; why is it rising? 10. Donations to the ‘PM Cares’ fund made in March 2020 that are over and above a company’s corporate social responsibility (CSR) obligations for fiscal year 2020 can be set off against the subsequent year’s spending obligations, subject to riders.\ 11. Countrywide “AYUSH COVID -19 Counselling Helpline” operationalized 12. Covid: HCs must not pass orders that are impossible to implement, says SC 13. There are recognised ways to overcome the patents hurdle, ensuring social justice and boosting the COVID-19 battle 14. India must have data protection laws in place before acting against WhatsApp

21May
2021

21 May 2021: Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exam

1. Notify black fungus or mucormycosis as an epidemic: Centre directs states 2. Aerosols can travel up to 10 metres in air, says govt while issuing new advisory 3. 329 Doctors felled by the virus they fight for their patients, says IMA 4. There is a possibility of India becoming a part of the projects unfolding in the Farzad B gas field in Iran at a later stage.  5. China has completed the construction of a strategic highway through the Brahmaputra Canyon, stated to be the world’s deepest, close to the Arunachal Pradesh border ahead of its plan to build a mega-dam over the gorge. 6. Pune lab develops India’s first home Covid test kit; at chemists’ for Rs 250: The self-use test kit can be used by symptomatic individuals and immediate contacts of confirmed cases as per the ICMR’s guidelines. 7. Riding the storm: Arabian Sea is becoming more cyclone prone. We need to reimagine development on the western coast 8. Government must be transparent about its plans for the National Archives of India: With part of the NAI complex slated for demolition in the Central Vista redevelopment project, the fate of national records is a cause for concern 9. The Centre has a duty not to bypass political leadership in dealing with States 10. India should oppose indiscriminate attacks on Israel and disproportionate bombing on Gaza 11. As and when India emerges on the other side of the pandemic, bolstering public care systems has to be the top priority 12. The public sector, private players and civil society should all work together for public service delivery

20May
2021

20 May 2021: Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exam

1. Centre asks WhatsApp to withdraw privacy policy update 2. Doordarshan plans to launch DD International to present ‘India story’ 3. Six sites, including the Ganga ghats in Varanasi, temples of Kancheepuram in Tamil Nadu and the Satpura Tiger Reserve in Madhya Pradesh, have been added to India’s tentative list of UNESCO world heritage sites, Culture Minister Prahlad Singh Patel said on Wednesday. 4. Members of the National Human Rights Commission have raised concerns over the inadequate number of forensic science laboratories in the country that delays evidence gathering, leading to cases pending in courts and undertrial prisoners remaining behind bars. 5. Govt extends deadline for NGOs opening new FCRA accounts with SBI till June 30: The amended FCRA has made it mandatory for all NGOs receiving foreign aid to open an account in State Bank of India’s (SBI) New Delhi Branch and the government, through an order in October last year, fixed the deadline for it to March 31. 6. The integration of e-way bill, RFID and FASTag will enable tax officers to undertake live vigilance in respect of EWB compliances by businesses and will aid in preventing revenue leakage by real-time identification of cases of recycling and/or non-generation of e-way bills(EWBs). 7. Bengal wants Upper House back: how states have Councils 8. Researchers at the Indian Institute of Technology, Ropar in Punjab and Monash University, Australia have developed a unique detector named ‘FakeBuster’ 9. SEBI proposes merger of debt securities rules into single regulation 10. China-Nepal border row intensifies as border pillars go missing in Daulkha 11. As inflation threatens economy’s consumptive capacity, cash transfers can boost demand 12. The Maratha reservation case also shows that divesting States of the power to determine backwardness hits federalism 13. The universalisation of social security remains an unfulfilled aspiration in the new code on social security 14. A thaw in India-Pakistan trade relations? 15. Prioritising groups, addressing hesitancy and rethinking the distribution plan is the way forward 16. Vaccination of a large population cannot be managed without technological backbone.Critics are wrong to pit CoWin against vaccine equity, right to health. Vaccination of a large population cannot be managed without technological backbone. Critics are wrong to pit CoWin against vaccine equity, right to health

19May
2021

19 May 2021: Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exam

???1. Vaccination in rural India trails urban areas even as cases surge 2. Delhi Scheme for kids orphaned by COVID: ?50,000 ex-gratia for families with a Covid death, orphaned kids to get 2,500 per month, says CM Kejriwal 3. A Chinese-funded tax-free enclave billed as Sri Lanka’s answer to Dubai and Singapore cleared the final legal hurdle on Tuesday as the Supreme Court in Colombo ruled it could go ahead with only minor tweaks. 4. Stemming India’s health worker brain drain: India needs systematic changes that could range from increased investment in health infrastructure, ensuring decent pay to health workers and building an overall environment that could prove to be beneficial for them and motivate them to stay in the country. 5. India’s statement at UNSC seeks a balance between its old ties with Palestine and growing relations with Israel. Tracing India’s tightrope walk through the decades, from the Nehru years to the Modi regime. 6. The country is paying for the government’s unscientific attitudes: Lack of scientific temper – indeed, a definite anti-science attitude -- might sound funny, even innocuous. But this has disastrous consequences, some of which we are witnessing currently. 7. OVL loses operating rights for Iran’s Farzad-B gas field 8. CBI, ED turn to tech-driven investigations to nail offenders amid Covid-19, Such as: Kawach App & Project Insight. 9. Just 2% farmers use mobile app in field; little IoT post-harvest: Nasscom 10. Accurate forecasts and resilience-building hold the key to handling severe cyclones 11. ICMR has finally dropped its espousal of convalescent plasma therapy (CPT) as treatment for moderate COVID-19: The ICMR must assess evidence and be very specific with recommendations on treatment 12. India needs to enhance the surveillance system, vaccinate quickly, and reprioritise healthcare services 13. How fluctuations in prices impact overall economy

18May
2021

18 May 2021: Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exam

1. West Bengal government to set up a Legislative Council 2. Explained: The why and how of creating a new district 3. India drops plasma therapy from Covid treatment protocol. The decision by the AIIMS-ICMR Covid-19 National Task Force and the Health Ministry indicates that convalescent plasma offers no therapeutic benefits in patients admitted to hospital with the disease. 4. Is India's Palestine Policy evolving?  While refusing to toe the Israeli line on the conflict, India’s comments also point to its evolving position on the larger Israel-Palestine issue. 5. Iran to develop Farzad B gas field domestically, dumps India 6. Virus in villages: Design of a new health system could emerge from the Covid crucible, for universal health coverage 7. Unemployment rose to 8% in April, from 6.5% in March, and the labour participation rate (LPR) was 40% in April  - CMIE data 8. The strong inflow of FDI and foreign portfolio investor (FPI) money ensured that the forex reserves jumped significantly. In the financial year ended March 2021, the foreign exchange — or forex — reserves jumped by over $100 billion and amounted to $576.8 billion as on week-ended April 2, 2021. 9. Children impacted by Covid-19 Pandemic being provided Tele Counselling through SAMVEDNA 10. How Dogecoin went from a joke to hot property in no time 11. Why India is unable to get its act together on 5G 12. The US is pushing for global unity to stop MNCs from exploiting tax gaps across the world. It also wants a grand treaty on digital taxation. India must weigh its proposals carefully 13. Avoiding a Breakdown: After a gap of over seven months, the GST Council will now meet on May 28, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman announced last Saturday. 14. Governments must act to protect children who have lost parents to Covid; Parental loss can have devastating effects on children’s social, emotional and cognitive growth. Unfortunately, most governments’ approach towards these concerns has been non-existent or just flawed

17May
2021

17 May 2021: Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exam

1. Cyclone Tauktae: 'Very severe' cyclonic storm to reach Gujarat coast on 17 May evening, says IMD  2. COVID-19: Positive mothers should continue kangaroo care with proper hygiene, says expert  3. The Delhi High Court has asked the Ministry of Home Affairs to consider if the April 1, 2021, deadline for opening Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act (FCRA) account for NGOs seeking to receive foreign funds can be extended in view of the COVID-19 pandemic.  4. India at Security Council calls for ‘immediate de-escalation’ of Israel-Palestine hostilities  5. O2 beds in villages, push to testing: Centre draws up 3-tier response plan: The Health Ministry said that schools, community halls, and panchayat buildings should be turned into CCCs to manage mild cases of the disease.  6. Thanks to surplus grain, exports in a pandemic year crossed 13 mn tonnes for rice, an all-time high, and 2 mn tonnes for wheat, the highest since 2014-15  7. Science of lightening: Explained: Can a single lightning flash kill 18 elephants? Science says yes, in various possible ways  8. The criminal group DarkSide believed to be behind a Ransom-ware cyber attack that disrupted U.S. gasoline deliveries has told associates it is closing, say security research firms 9. The commitments made by 19 companies which have applied for the government’s PLI scheme to manufacture IT hardware such as laptops, tablets, all-in-one PCs and servers, fall far short of the ambitious projections for exports, production, employment and incremental investments. 10. China has provided an impressive demonstration of its deep space ca­pabilities by landing a solar-powered Zhurong rover on Mars in its first attempt.  11. Indian Railway commissions Wi-Fi at 6,000th Railway station 12. The covid-19 crisis has further pushed back gender pay parity efforts 13. What’s at stake for India in the Afghan peace process?  14. In the pandemic, women have borne a disproportionate burden of the severe disruptions to life and the economy  15. China-India ties are moving into a zone of problems even as New Delhi grapples with pandemic-related issues 16. It is time to set up a National Tribunals Commission.  17. SC push to decongest prisons amid pandemic is welcome. In deciding parole, age, comorbidities should be considerations

15May
2021

15 May 2021: Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exam

1. Both Covishield and Covaxin, while effective at generating an immune response against the coronavirus, appear to generate only half as many antibodies against the B.1.617 strain, or the Indian strain, according to a series of early reports authored by scientists at the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR).  2. India on Friday began using Sputnik V in its battle against COVID-19 with the first dose of the vaccine from Russia administered in Hyderabad. The vaccine is being sold at a maximum retail price of ?995 per dose. 3. 21 members of vulnerable tribes infectedActivists warn of rapid spread among isolated communities in rural Odisha 4. A total of 186 elephants were killed after being hit by trains across India between 2009-10 and 2020-21, according to the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC), Government of India. 5. It is a short-range, ground-to-air, air defence system that includes a radar and Tamir interceptor missiles that track and neutralise any rockets or missiles aimed at Israeli targets. It is used for countering rockets, artillery & mortars (C-RAM) as well as aircraft, helicopters and unmanned aerial vehicles. 6. KP Oli, who had lost a trust vote in the Nepali House of Representatives on Monday, will take the oath of office on Friday. He must prove that he has majority support in the House within 30 days. 7. The global semiconductor chip shortage will cost automakers $110 billion in lost revenues this year, up from a prior estimate of $61 billion, consulting firm Alix Partners said, as it forecast the crisis will hit the production of 3.9 million vehicles. 8. Riding on direct payment, Punjab wheat procurement hits new high 9. How to fix the shortage of doctors during the pandemic: We must identify areas in clinical care that can be delegated to health workers, guide them to triage the sick, and train doctors in other specialities in critical care. 10. India’s technocratic approach to vaccination is excluding the digitally-deprived: In the absence of the internet and without knowledge of how CoWin functions, the majority of India’s rural population is being left out of Covid inoculation effort 11. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) decided not to sell 10-year bonds in Friday’s auction, signalling it will not accept yields above 6 per cent. 12. A labour conference among the five BRICS nations, Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa, has taken New Delhi closer to signing social security agreements with the other member countries.

14May
2021

14 May 2021: Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exam

1. Later rather than sooner: Govt unveils roadmap for supply of Covid vaccines 2. Some breathing space from science: Centre extends Covishield gap to 16 weeks 3. The Supreme Court on Thursday, issuing a slew of directions relating to migrants workers stranded in NCR due to COVID-19 lockdown, ordered Delhi, Haryana, and Uttar Pradesh governments (for districts included in the NCR) to provide dry ration, open community kitchens and ensure proper transportation for those wanting to return to their home districts. 4. Chief Justice of India N.V. Ramana on Thursday said he was “actively considering” the proposal to telecast live the proceedings of the Supreme Court.  5. The Home Ministry’s March 4 order that required professional Overseas Citizens of India (OCIs), such as journalists, engineers and researchers, to notify the Ministry about their activities in India has left them in the lurch. Plan to move to HC. 6. The Supreme Court has held that an extra 40% should be added to the income of fatal road accident victims, aged below 40 and self-employed, while calculating compensation. 7. Public health advocates and intellectual property rights experts point to a “contradiction” in India’s global push for suspension of intellectual property protection with its stand in the Supreme Court that bringing COVID-19 vaccines under a statutory regime will be “counter-productive” at this stage 8. Maratha quota: Centre seeks review of SC ruling on 102nd amendment 9. India received $83 billion in remittances in 2020, 0.2% fall over 2019: World Bank report 10. All you need to know about Black Fungus, which is occurring along with COVID. 11. More than Half a Crore patients served by the National Telemedicine Service (eSanjeevani) during the COVID-19Pandemic 12. 1st BRICS Employment Working Group (EWG) Meeting amongst BRICS Countries 13. Rescheduling of the Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination, 2021 14. Price stability must be maintained even as steps to boost demand are taken 15. Reforming medical education: An unfettered market approach is not the answer to the health workforce crisis 16. Israel’s actions are destroying the moral legitimacy of its own claims: The world cannot ignore the Palestinian question, which is not an object of geo-political opportunism, but one of basic dignity and justice 17. Can states bring down vaccine prices? Yes, by coming together as a single buyer

13May
2021

13 May 2021: Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exam

1. Israel-Palestinian clashes trigger fears of ‘full-scale war’ 2. Only 16% registered NGOs have active bank accounts with the State Bank of India’s main branch in Delhi, a compulsory requirement to receive foreign funds from April 1, according to submission made by a non-governmental organisation in the Delhi High Court on Wednesday. ???????3. Bangladesh’s government has asked foreign envoys in Dhaka “to maintain decency and decorum” after public remarks from China’s Ambassador to the country, who warned Bangladesh to not consider joining the Quad grouping, which provoked a sharp response. 4. A bullet train to hunger: The pandemic has highlighted the importance of expanding social security nets 5. ?????????????????????Agricultural exports zoom 17.5% in 2020-21, Pandemic raises questions on repeat performance this year 6. Vaccine inequity deepens in young: 85% of those jabbed are in just seven states 7. Another Covid wave, another year of economic uncertainty: Once the surge tapers and the lockdowns ease, the pace of recovery will depend on the ability of the Centre and states to spend ???????8. On Covid patents waiver, health cannot be held hostage to profit: Innovation in vaccine production can have an impact only if it is accessible to all. 9. Cabinet approves Rs 18,000-cr PLI scheme for battery manufacturing 10. The World Health Organization (WHO) has attributed the massive surge in coronavirus infections in India to the more contagious mutant variants and unrestricted religious and political gatherings that preceded the resurgence of the pandemic. 11. Rubber cheques mustn’t put us behind iron bars: Let’s repeal the law which criminalizes the issuance of cheques that bounce. On principle. As e-transfers outmode old instruments, we must envision new rules that’ll serve us better. 12. As part of ongoing COVID relief Operation 'Samudra Setu II’ launched by Indian Navy, INS Tarkash, with two Liquid Medical Oxygen (LMO) filled (20 MT each) cryogenic containers and 230 Oxygen cylinders embarked, arrived at Mumbai.

12May
2021

12 May 2021: Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exam

1. Centre can cut GST rates on COVID-19 vaccines, critical supplies, say experts 2. PM Modi’s G7 visit to U.K. cancelled due to COVID-19 crisis 3. China’s population growth slows to lowest rate in decades 4. On Monday, Nepal Prime Minister K P Oli lost a vote of confidence in Parliament, leaving the country’s politics in uncertainty. 5. Govt likely to drop plan to decriminalise cheque bounce offences 6. How does rising metal prices affect the Indian economy? 7. Moody's cuts India's FY22 GDP forecast to 9.3%; rules out rating upgrade 8. The World Health Organization (WHO) on Tuesday cautioned against the indiscriminate use of ivermectin, an anti-parasitic drug that the Goa government plans to give all adults to reduce the risk of contracting covid-19. 9. The World Health Organization (WHO) on Tuesday cautioned against the indiscriminate use of ivermectin, an anti-parasitic drug that the Goa government plans to give all adults to reduce the risk of contracting covid-19. 10. A critical assessment of the stand-off offers New Delhi key lessons in managing the strategic competition with China 11. Not all crises are opportunities for reforms 12. Why Covid is a reality check for Modi’s flagship welfare schemes 13. When no one is looking, disasters become a means by which the elite prosper at the expense of the poor. To prevent that, states must place humanitarian policy over business as usual.

11May
2021

11 May 2021: Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exam

1. One lakh tonnes of free foodgrain distributed so far under PMGKAY 2. The Centre has justified in the Supreme Court the COVID-19 vaccination policy saying its response and strategy is completely driven by the expert medical and scientific opinion which leaves little room for judicial interference and emphasised that citizens of all age groups will get free vaccination throughout the country. 3. Jan Swasthya Abhiyan urges government to boost public health spending 4. IP waiver will not boost vaccine production: Organisation of Pharmaceutical Producers of India (OPPI)

10May
2021

10 May 2021: Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exam

1. The amendments to the Foreign Contribution Regulation Act (FCRA) enacted last year that among others made it compulsory for NGOs to open a bank account in Delhi has crippled the work of many organisations who are unable to receive foreign funds. 2. Debris from the last stage of China’s Long March rocket that had last month carried a key component of its under-construction space station fell into the waters of the Indian Ocean west of the Maldives on Sunday. 3. The Centre on Sunday told the Supreme Court that its vaccination policy had been framed to ensure equitable distribution, with the limited availability of vaccines, vulnerability, and the fact that vaccinating the entire country was not possible in one go due to the suddenness of the pandemic, “as the prime consideration”. 4. The Department of Telecommunications (DoT) is not in favour of conducting auctions for 5G airwaves in this financial year as the telcos may not have the capacity to fund the purchase of new spectrum. 5. National Asset Reconstruction Company Ltd (NARCL), the name coined for the bad bank announced in the Budget 2021-22, is expected to be operational in June. 6. India's food processing market may touch $470 billion by 2025: KPMG report 7. GST exemption on vaccines will lead to high prices: FM Sitharaman 8. The decision by India and the EU to recast the stalled bilateral trade and investment agreement (BTIA) into three separate deals could favour the latter with its focus to have an investment pact with India after inking a similar deal with China. 9. The Indian bond market requires close to ?3-4 trillion of intervention by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to be able to manage the government borrowing programme. 10. We need to reengineer India’s entire system of administration 11. A TRIPS waiver is useful but not a magic pill 12. State shutdowns are inevitable, but they must be used to augment the health system 13. Woman voter is making herself heard. But political parties must do more to fix gender deficit in political representation.

08May
2021

08 May 2021: Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exam

1. Coronavirus | Vaccines bought first using PM CARES funds cost Centre more 2. Talks ‘intensify’ on bringing U.S. back to Iran nuclear deal 3. SBI report emphasises on vaccination, says nearly half of the new cases in rural India 4. TRIPS waiver for COVID-19: WTO chief urges proponents to submit revised proposal soon to start talks 5. The ?50,000 crore liquidity window offered by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to banks under priority-sector lending to augment Covid-19 healthcare infrastructure will help raise treatment capacity, and availability of medicines and medical equipment, in India, Crisil Ratings said on Friday. 6. WhatsApp defers May 15 deadline on privacy policy 7. Ex-Defence doctors to provide online consultation on e-Sanjeevani OPD 8. The Changthang plateau is home to the world’s finest pashmina. The government and design entrepreneurs want to create a global identity for the region’s star product, differentiating it from cashmere. But traditional herders want to quit raising the goats that provide the wool. 9. India, EU see tricky restart to FTA talks 10. The U.S.-supported patent waiver in the COVID fight has the potential to bring in much-needed global health equity 11. The second wave has amplified the issue of rent which does not draw much attention as food and income support do

07May
2021

07 May 2021: Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exam

1. Supreme Court wants formula on oxygen supply ahead of third wave 2. Drugmakers on Thursday said U.S. President Joe Biden’s support for waiving patents of COVID-19 vaccines could disrupt a fragile supply chain and that rich countries should instead share more generously with the developing world. 3. US backs IP rights waiver for Covid vaccines, EU says ready to discuss 4. After 8 years, India and European Union to resume free trade pact talks 5. Explained: Intellectual property waiver for Covid-19 vaccines 6. Explained: What is 5G trial, and why is it important for Indian telcos? 7. Universaling PDS won't work here: UN World Food Programme India Head 8. Monsoon likely to arrive over Kerala on June 1, says Earth Sciences Secy 9. SC strikes down Maratha reservation, challenges political leadership to re-frame backwardness question — and answer 10. The RBI has signalled it is aware of the burden on health-care providers during this period

06May
2021

06 May 2021: Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exam

1. A separate reservation for the Maratha community violates Articles 14 (right to equality) 21 (due process of law), says the top court. 2. In Maratha case, SC holds fast to quota ceiling and requires special reasons to exceed it 3. Third Covid wave inevitable, didn’t foresee current ferocity: Scientific Advisor to PM 4. RBI Governor Shaktikanta Das used an unscheduled address to announce a Term Liquidity Facility of ?50,000 crore with tenor of up to three years, at the repo rate, to ease access to credit for providers of emergency health services. 5. To soften the blow of the second pandemic on low-income groups, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) will provide Rs 10,000 crore for three years at the repo rate to small finance banks (SFBs) to lend individuals, small and medium enterprises (SMEs), etc. 6. RBI measures to ease flows to health sector, small businesses are welcome. Greater government support is needed. 7. Year later, One Nation, One Ration off to slow start 8. China on Wednesday expressed “concern and regret” at India’s move to not include Chinese telecommunication firms among the companies permitted this week to conduct trials for the use of 5G technology. Cannot have bloodshed on border and good relationship in other domains, says Jaishankar 9. The COVID-19 pandemic has substantially increased informality in employment, leading to a decline in earnings for the majority of workers, and consequent increase in poverty in the country, according to ‘State of Working India 2021: One Year of Covid-19’, a report brought out annually by Azim Premji University’s Centre for Sustainable Employment, Bengaluru. 10. The INSACOG consortium of scientists, spanning 10 labs across the country, and involved in sequencing genomes of coronavirus samples in different States, had been giving regular updates on the threat from new strains to the government, said a senior member of the group. ???????11. Cabinet gives ex-post facto approval to MoU between India and UK on Global Innovation Partnership

05May
2021

05 May 2021: Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exam

1. The Department of Telecommunications (DoT) on Tuesday gave permission to Telecom Service Providers (TSPs) to conduct trials for the use and application of 5G technology. This formally leaves out Chinese companies like Huawei and ZTE from the 5G race in India. 2. Scientists see flaws in SUTRA’s approach to modelling pandemic 3. The Group of Seven wealthy democracies on Tuesday discussed how to form a common front towards an increasingly assertive China 4. Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his British counterpart Boris Johnson on Tuesday unveiled an ambitious 10-year road map to elevate the India-UK bilateral relationship to a comprehensive strategic partnership, paving the way for a stronger engagement in areas such as trade and economy, defence and security, and health. 5. Performance-linked incentives fail to excite solar manufacturing firms 6. New framework for implementation of SVAMITVA Scheme: Property cards distributed in more than 7400 villages; more than 7,00,000 people have benefited from the Scheme. 7. The case for a suspension of intellectual property rights 8. A direct consequence of the pandemic is that New Delhi’s claim to regional primacy and leadership could take a hit 9. That the situations faced by India’s migrants are not a matter of concern in policy making is quite apparent 10. Free shots for all: This must be India’s vaccination strategy

04May
2021

04 May 2021: Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exam

1. Imports of COVID-19 relief material, including vaccines, medical oxygen and Remdesivir vials, will get a conditional ‘ad-hoc’ Goods and Services Tax (GST) exemption till June 30, the Finance Ministry said on Monday. 2. Local issues crucial to voters across States: survey 3. Media cannot be stopped from reporting oral remarks made by judges during a court hearing.  4. ICMR to get royalty from Covaxin sale 5. The seasonally adjusted IHS Markit India Manufacturing Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) was at 55.5 in April. 6. Stressing that there cannot be any vaccine nationalism, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman on Monday urged countries to share technologies on Covid vaccines. 7. Reaching ‘Herd Immunity’ Is Unlikely in the U.S., Experts Now Believe 8. Vaccine shortages in rich as well as poor countries are forcing people to re-examine modern manufacturing practices, supply chain theory, and the limits of neoliberal economics. 9. OPEC’s share of India’s oil imports fell to the lowest in at least two decades in the year to the end of March as overall purchases by Asia’s third-largest economy fell to a six-year low 10. Ministry of Food Processing Industries issues guidelines for ‘Production Linked Incentive Scheme for the Food Processing Industry’ 11. The battle against COVID-19 should also be used as an opportunity to meet India’s ‘One Health’ targets 12. Without good data, accurate projections are impossible, making it difficult to gauge the true state of the pandemic

03May
2021

03 May 2021: Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exam

1. Don’t discriminate between states in vaccine supply: Odisha to Centre 2. Centre faces questions over how it plans to use foreign aid from France and US 3. An outdated administrative system and a knowledge elite who have soaked up prestige but not delivered the facts are the biggest hurdle between us and a material society with a modern accountable state. 4. In Bhopal, official Covid toll in April is 109, but over 2,500 at pyres, graves 5. How amending IPRs for vaccines could help India 6. The private sector cannot make up for public sector shortcomings 7. Shri Narendra Modi has bowed to Sri Guru Teg Bahadur Ji on his 400th Parkash Purab 8. Scientists working on SUTRA model for charting trajectory of COVID-19 9. India-UK Virtual Summit (May 04, 2021) 10. How India has failed to budget for health in the past 75 years 11. Zero Zero, Net Zero: The good news is that climate change is back on the agenda. The bad news is that we are discussing the wrong things 12. Google tax: American IT and steel lobbies back action against India 13. The government has granted relief to businesses on a series of goods and services tax (GST) compliance requirements, including a reduction in interest and late fee for delayed return filing for March and April, a set of official orders issued late on Saturday showed.

01May
2021

01 May 2021: Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exam

1. The Supreme Court on Friday warned State governments and police against clamping down on the spread of information or calls for help through social media from citizens affected by COVID-19. 2. The demand for MGNREGA work so far in the month of April has increased to 2.57 crore households, 92% higher than a year ago, and a record high for April since 2013, as per State Bank of India (SBI) research. 3. With 4,08,323 new COVID-19 cases recorded until 11 p.m. on April 30, India became the first country in the world to register over 4 lakh infections in a single day. As many as 3,464 new deaths were also reported on the day.

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