31 July 2021: Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exam

1) CAG report flags low job generation under MGNREGA in Bihar. The audit observed that only 9%-14% of the registered disabled persons were provided employment under the scheme during the 2014-19 period. 2) A Centre for Science and Environment study has found that ozone levels are exceeding the permitted levels even during winter in Delhi-NCR, making the smog more “toxic”. 3) Supreme Court is right in saying legislative privilege cannot be a cover for crimes in the House. 4) The Government hopes to ring in fresh changes to the 1961 Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporation law in the monsoon session, after the Cabinet nod this week.  5) In pandemic year, record 70,000 get more than 95% in CBSE Class 12; At 99.37%, the pass percentage is over 10 percentage points higher than last year’s 88.78%. 6) New trafficking Bill to be complemented by changes in IPC, says Irani. Union Minister for Women and Child Development Smriti Irani said the Bill not only provides for protection of victims, but also protection of witnesses of human trafficking crimes. 7) Explained: Defining the creamy layer; During the Monsoon Session, MPs have raised questions about revising the criteria for defining the creamy layer among OBCs. What are the present criteria, and what is the government stand on revision? 8) Explained: What are the amended provisions for adoption, offences in the new Juvenile Justice Bill? The Bill was tabled in Lok Sabha during the budget session in March this year where it had received overwhelming support from both the ruling party as well as the Opposition. 9) Credit offtake of large cos hit, MSMEs gain on ECLGS push; Credit offtake by the industry had grown 2.2 per cent in the previous year. 10) The Pharmacopoeia Commission is also responsible to publish and revise Ayurvedic, Siddha and Unani official formularies and regulatory compendiums. These published standards become part of Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940 and Rules, 1945 for ascertaining the quality standards of Ayurvedic Raw materials/drugs and implemented uniformly across India. 11) Measures adopted by Government for the Preservation and Promotion of the Traditional Agro-Products in the Country. 12) As per information from National Medical Commission (NMC), 90 medical colleges have been established during the last three years. 13) RBI lets 10-year bond yield rise ahead of monetary policy next week; This is a different strategy than what played out until last month, where the central bank seemed more focused on keeping the 10-year bond yields at 6% 14) Among others, the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) report from last year, Assessment Of Climate Change Over The Indian Region, stated clearly that with continued global warming, monsoon precipitation over the rest of the 21st century will become more erratic, with more instances of extreme rainfall.


30 July 2021: Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exam

1) Health Ministry announces 27% for OBCs, 10% for EWS in national quota medical seats. 2) India won't accept any outcome by force: Strong convergence on Indian, U.S. positions on Afghanistan, says Jaishankar; India and the U.S. have a lot in common, but it is the differences that need attention 3) The epoch of cyberspace: With their use not only during a conflict but even during peacetime, matters have reached a tipping point 4) Anti-trafficking policy exists in India, but where the system is found lacking is in the implementation of the laws 5) Lok Sabha passes two Bills without debate 6) High fiscal borrowings won’t crowd out private sector: CEA 7) Engineering colleges in 8 states to start studies in 5 languages, says PM Modi; The projects launched include Academic Bank of Credits, AI-based translation of first-year engineering curriculum in 11 regional languages, internationalisation of higher education, National Digital Education Architecture, and National Education Technology Forum. 8) Inland Vessels Bill 2021 passed in Lok Sabha. 9) Role of Internet in Trafficking 10) Jaipur’s Amagarh Fort: history, and factors leading to current conflict; Members of the Meena community say the Amagarh Fort was built by a Meena ruler predating Rajput rule in Jaipur, and has been their holy site for centuries. 11) The Union cabinet cleared the Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporation (DICGC) Bill, 2021, paving the way for depositors to be able to withdraw upto Rs 5 lakh in just 90 days in case of bank failure.  12) One nation, one police is a reform that is long overdue: Prakash Singh writes: Several state governments have passed Police Acts that are against Supreme Court verdict on police reforms. Centre too has failed to legislate a model Act. 13) Factoring Regulation Bill to open more credit facilities for MSMEs: FM


29 July 2021: Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exam

1) A Judgement that must be taken in right spirits: The striking down of the 97th Amendment is a reminder that the power to regulate cooperatives must stay with States 2) No need for drastic population policy: Data from Assam and Uttar Pradesh show that fertility rates have been reducing over time 3) Fiscal Federalism: A special rate could be levied to the States to enable them to raise more resources during the pandemic 4) Chandrayaan-3 mission likely late 2022 5) ATMANIRBHAR BHARAT IN AVIATION SECTOR: Government taking steps to make India a hub for aircraft leasing and financing. 6) MoS for Home Affairs: Statehood to Jammu and Kashmir would be granted at an appropriate time after normalcy is restored in Jammu and Kashmir. 7) Geological Survey of India takes up Seven Projects For Lithium exploration in Different States. 8) National Mineral Exploration Trust -  Enhancing Mineral Exploration Activities In The Country. 9) Parliament Passes Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Amendment Bill 2021. 10) Democracy talk: Afghanistan has to be free from malign influences: Jaishankar spells out redlines as Blinken says Taliban atrocities deeply disturbing; US outspokenness and testy Indian reaction point to a possible area of divergence. Delhi has its work cut out. 11) Solution to Assam-Mizoram border dispute should centre on people and their commons: Kham Khan Suan Hausing writes: Breaking the territorial trap, of envisioning ‘fixed’ and mutually exclusive forest reserve area could be a good place to start. 12) Farm reforms must be oriented towards minimising risk and increasing returns for farmers: Just as entrepreneurs in the non-farm sector, they must be allowed to enter and exit agriculture, on their own terms and contract with whomever they wish. 13) The vision of the National Education Policy must be served by its implementation; Posterity will celebrate this time in India’s history as far as educational transformation is concerned. Can we walk the talk? 14) How the Model Tenancy Act can benefit homeowners and tenants; While it is a much-needed reform for India’s housing sector, states should use this opportunity to unlock the economic value of vacant housing and increase access to good quality housing for all demographics 15) Only 44% of Kerala’s population infected, 79% in MP: Serosurvey; For the last two days, Kerala has reported over 22,000 infections, over 50 per cent of the national count. The state has been reporting the maximum number of cases in the country for several weeks now. 16) Explained: How resolution ‘pre-packs’ for MSMEs can speed up insolvency cases; What is the Pre-packaged Insolvency Resolution Process (PIRP) in the Bill, and how does it differ from the existing Corporate Insolvency Resolution Process (CIRP)? 17) China pledges support to Taliban, seeks its support to drive out Uyghur militants from Afghanistan 18) Indian Air Force deploys first Rafales in East to counter China; With barely four fighter squadrons based in the eastern sector to counter the threat from China, second Rafale squadron will come as a boost to the IAF. 19) Sebi to ease rules for startups to go public


28 July 2021: Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exam

1. With the tourism industry among the hardest hit due to the pandemic, it is estimated that about 21.5 million people working in the sector lost their jobs during the nine-month period from April 2020-December 2020, as per the data shared by the government on Tuesday. 2. A more unified voice needed in Afghanistan: Afghanistan’s future will impact Central Asia and South Asia more than the distant global powers involved with it now. 3. The clash between Assam and Mizoram’s police forces was clearly avoidable. 4. Human trafficking is a crime in itself, but it is also the propeller of several other crimes. 5. The ongoing 44th session of the World Heritage Committee of the UNESCO has already given India a new world heritage site in the form of the Rudreswara/ Ramappa Temple in Telangana. The Harappan city of Dholavira, in present-day Gujarat, was on Tuesday named the 40th Indian site on UNESCO’s World Heritage list. 6. Can PM-CARES funds be extended to all orphaned during pandemic, asks Supreme Court. 7. Panel raps govt. over MSMEs, urges larger economic package. 8. Engineering seats down to lowest in a decade; 63 institutes to shut in 2021; The latest data from the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) show that engineering seats at the undergraduate, postgraduate and diploma levels have declined to 23.28 lakh — the lowest in at least 10 years. 9. India patrolled Depsang till months before LAC standoff. The patrolling limits are decided by the China Study Group, and Indian troops are not mandated to go beyond them. 10. Explained: How did the 150-year-old Assam-Mizoram dispute get so violent now? Assam-Mizoram border dispute: Behind the violent clashes on Monday lie two boundary demarcations from the colonial era. Why does Mizoram accept one and not the other, and how did the 150-year-old dispute get so violent now? 11. Outcomes under IBC have fallen short of expectations. The process needs to be streamlined. 12. Theatre Commander under Chief of Defence Staff is not a good idea. S Krishnaswamy writes: It will lead to under-utilisation of the Air Force’s capabilities, deny the air arm of the services flexibility in battle. 13. Stimulus ‘inadequate’, 25% of MSME loans may default: Panel. Expressing concern over the grim situation of small enterprises, the committee recommended the government to unveil a “larger economic package aimed at bolstering demand, investment, exports and employment generation to help the economy, including MSMEs.” 14. New Technologies in Agriculture Sector. 15. COMPULSORY EDUCATION OF PRISONERS 16. Parliament passes landmark ‘Marine Aids to Navigation Bill 2021’ to repeal and replace the Lighthouse Act 1927 17. Ramayana Circuit is one of the identified thematic circuit of ‘Swadesh Darshan’ scheme 18. Agri sections with minimum state intervention grow fastest, shows data. The data shows that over the past 10 years, not only horticulture but the production of eggs, meat, milk and also fruits and vegetables have been faster than conventional foodgrain 19. Global public debt is currently just three percentage points short of touching 100% of gross domestic product (GDP), a level not reached even during the global financial crisis of 2008-09.


27 July 2021: Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exam

1) Puri becomes India’s first city to provide quality drinking tap water 2) Thane Creek Flamingo Sanctuary proposed as MMR’s Ramsar site 3) The tragic death of nine tourists in a landslip in Kinnaur district of Himachal Pradesh is another pointer to the fragility of the ecology of the Himalayan States.  4) An emigration Bill that does not go far enoughThe new Bill is better than the Emigration Act 1983, but more reforms are needed to protect Indian workers 5) With the West done with Afghanistan, New Delhi needs to adopt a layered approach in finding a political solution 6) News Analysis | Multi-track strategy: India ‘engages Taliban’, but questions Pakistan’s support to militant group 7) High commodity prices have boosted the value of India’s exports, which have hit a record $95 billion in the first quarter of 2021 and outbound trade is likely to lead the country towards a recovery after the pandemic’s ‘one-two punch’ hit the economy, Moody’s Analytics said in a report. 8) Indian airport operators reported ?7,000 cr losses during FY21: Capa India 9) Public and private sector banks, non-banking financial institutions, and other financial lenders to companies undergoing corporate insolvency resolution process (CIRP) have taken a cumulative haircut of Rs 3.22 lakh crore — or 61.2 per cent of their admitted claims since the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC) regime was rolled out five years ago. 10) Five Assam policemen killed in violent turn to border dispute with Mizoram. Fifty policemen were injured, including Nimbalkar Vaibhav Chandrakant, SP of Assam’s Cachar district, who sustained a bullet injury in the leg. 11) Over 7 lakh sq km of forest land in country, Rajya Sabha informed. In a written reply, Minister for Environment, Forests and Climate Change Bhupender Yadav told Rajya Sabha that the term ‘forest’ is yet to be defined by the Centre. 12) ExplainSpeaking: The curious case of India’s falling unemployment rate in 2019-20. Latest PLFS report shows unemployment rates falling in a year when GDP growth hit a low. This surprising trend emerges from one method for calculation; a second method shows unemployment isn’t really down. 13) Why privacy protection alone won’t help against illegal surveillance. Subhashis Banerjee writes: Sophisticated surveillance attempts like Pegasus, which bypass data protection architecture and regulatory oversight, must be met with public outrage, which can only emerge from commitment to constitutional morality. 14) Uttar Pradesh’s draft population bill has an ableism problem. Muralidharan writes: Apart from its coercive approach to population control, it plays into the widely prevalent notion of the disabled as a burden. 15) Indian Naval Ship Talwar in Mombasa to Participate in Exercise Cutlass Express 2021 16) Two more commercial-cum-strategic facilities of 6.5 MMTstorage capacity to be established under phase-2 of SPR Programme. 17) Draft Indian Ports Bill, 2021 18) Healthcare privatization has not served India well


26 July 2021: Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exam

1.In a major diplomatic triumph, the 13th century Ramappa temple in Palampet, Telangana was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site on Sunday. India gets its 39th World Heritage Site 2.The Chief of Defence Staff General Bipin Rawat’s recent description of the Indian Air Force (IAF) as a supporting arm — in an interview on July 2 — and the IAF chief Air Chief Marshal R.K.S. Bhadauria’s rebuttal, is the newest bump in the turbulent journey marking the reorganisation process of the armed forces. 3.India needs to move forward on introducing an official digital currency. 4.Currency creation: RBI should be careful in launching a digital currency. 5.COVID -19: Lessons from India’s food security response. 6.PM Modi calls for ‘Bharat Jodo Andolan’ on Mann ki Baat, says unity need on nation. 7.Over a third of government schools and anganwadis still do not have tap water access even ten months after the Jal Jeevan Mission launched a 100-day campaign to provide the facility. Tap Water Supply Reaches 66% Schools & 60% Anganwadi Centres; 8.China, Pakistan outline ‘joint action’ to align Afghanistan strategies. 9.In Demchok, China’s tents on Indian side; no date yet for talks. The last Corps Commander-level talks to discuss the disengagement and eventual de-escalation in eastern Ladakh, where India and China are involved in a stand-off since May 2020, were held in April this year. 10.Maharashtra rain toll reaches 149, at least 100 still missing; Chief Minister Uddhav Thackeray said that a relief package will be announced soon — and a separate force on the lines of the NDRF will be set up in vulnerable districts to ensure a quicker response during natural disasters. 11.census debate: “The Government of India has decided as a matter of policy not to enumerate caste-wise population other than SCs and STs in Census.” 12.The Great Indian Bustards of Kutch: their habitats, existential threat; The government has said there are no Great Indian Bustards in Kutch Bustard Sanctuary in Gujarat, a claim that has raised eyebrows among conservationists and wildlife enthusiasts. 13.It’s now clear that 2021-22 isn’t going to be a bumper agriculture year like 2020-21 and the one before that. Decision to impose stockholding limits on pulses must be rolled back. 14.Delhi & Tehran: India and Iran have a common interest in ensuring a legitimate and peaceful rearrangement of current order in Afghanistan. 15.Can SAARC fill the power vacuum left by US withdrawal from Afghanistan? Dinesh Bhattarai writes: The coming together of leaders, even at the height of tensions, in a region laden with congenital suspicions, misunderstandings, and hostility is a significant strength of SAARC that cannot be overlooked.


24 July 2021: Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exam

1. 60 killed as rain pounds MaharashtraLandslips kill 49 in Raigad; rescue efforts hampered 2. The Ganga's message on Microplastic pollution: India must take its laws on waste seriously to stop microplastics pollution. 3. Conservation of species: Biocentrism often comes into conflict with its contrarian philosophy, namely anthropocentrism. 4. JPC on Data Protection Bill given time till winter session to submit long-pending report. 5. Rise in extreme rainfall eventsSouthern peninsula receives 29% more rain than normal; big deficit in northeast. 6. To reach a peace deal, Taliban say Afghan President must go. 7. National Policy for Rare Diseases, 2021 (the Policy) has been finalized and put in public domain. 8. Measures Taken to Rising Anti-Microbial Resistance in The Country 9. Mandi system crumbling, Centre needs to listen to us: Farmers’ chorus at Jantar Mantar on Day 2. 10. Explained: A Bill to stop strikes at ordnance factories. Essential Defence Services Bill is aimed at preventing the staff of the government-owned ordnance factories from going on a strike. Is it needed and who does it impact? 11. MGNREGA was safety net for workers during first wave, but there are holes in it now. The government has not only reduced its budget this year but has also neglected it in relief measures post the second wave. 12. Tushar Gore and Viral V Acharya write: High death undercounts are limited to short time spans when the capacity is overwhelmed. For eight districts that have been analysed, it is roughly between 3-9x. 13. US 'acts through' airstrikes in a bid to repel Taliban, says Pentagon


23 July 2021: Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exam

1. Reforms in cooperative sector should not be at the cost of federal principles 2. Shaping a National Curriculum Framework using only the National Education Policy will be shortsighted. 3. Will the new e-commerce rules really favour consumers? 4. An analysis of the stretches of the river Ganga by Delhi-based environment NGO Toxics Link has revealed pollution by microplastics, defined as synthetic solid particles sized ranging 1 micrometre (?m) to 5 millimetre (mm), which are insoluble in water. 5. United States launched several airstrikes in support of Afghan forces. The Biden administration has not said whether it will continue that support after the pullout is complete. 6. The Reserve Bank of India is likely to soon kick off pilot projects to assess the viability of using digital currency to make wholesale and retail payments to help calibrate its strategy for introducing a full-scale central bank digital currency (CBDC). 7. 645 children orphaned in Apr-May during second wave, Smriti Irani informs Rajya Sabha. In a written response, Irani stated that this information is based on data provided by states and Union Territories of children who have lost both or either of their parents to Covid 19, or “for any reason between April 2021 and May 28, 2021”. 8. Pegasus scandal shows we cannot take privacy for granted. As a citizenry, we are at a tipping point, witnessing the slow erosion of democracy: If they are targeting those with power, what of ‘us’ with quieter voices? 9. Independence of district judiciary is cardinal: Apex court; The apex court also bemoaned what it called India’s “two parallel legal systems, one for the rich and the resourceful” and one for “the small men without resources”. 10. Explained: The laws for surveillance in India, and the concerns over privacy. Communication surveillance in India takes place primarily under two laws — the Telegraph Act, 1885 and the Information Technology Act, 2000. 11. Justice Srikrishna: Data protection law would have held govt to account. The data protection law would also have allowed those who have had their phones targeted, by the surveillance malware, to seek legal redressal, Justice Srikrishna said. 12. 35 Multi-Modal Logistics Parks (MMLP) Projects to be developed under Public Private Partnership (PPP) across the country. 13. Union Cabinet approves Production-linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme for Specialty Steel; 14. Air-pollution is major cause behind rising non-communicable diseases. Is the most prevalent risk factor among surveyed the population (76%), followed by low physical activity (67%), poor diet (55%). These three factors even beat stress, tobacco consumption, obesity. 15. India breaks into the top 10 list of agri produce exporters. Robust exports of rice, cotton, soya beans and meat propel the country to No. 9 spot. In 2019, Mexico and India, with 3.4% and 3.1% share in agri exports, replaced Malaysia (7th) and New Zealand (9th) as the top exporters.


22 July 2021: Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exam

1.Pandemic orphaned 1.2 lakh in India, over 10 lakh globally, says Lancet report. 2.India must not play down the COVID-19 tragedy, as that would hurt public confidence 3.India must directly engage with Taliban 2.0; The time for hesitant, backchannel parleys is over and New Delhi has to begin ‘open talks’ as it is a strategic necessity 4.Mumbai cannot manage its flooding without a new deal for drainage and housing. 5.Prosecutor, not persecutor: The public prosecutor has an ethical obligation to balance the interests of the victims, the accused, and society. 6.India is party to 26 bilateral pacts to fight drug trafficking.  NCB coordinates with international organisations for sharing information and intelligence 7.Airtel and Intel announce collaboration to accelerate 5G in India. 8.Why no oxygen deaths on record? Delhi blames Centre, experts point to absence of records, gaps in protocol. 9.66% of Indians have antibodies: A note of caution: Sero-survey results should not lead to dropping guard against Covid. Lessons of second wave must not be lost 10.Why the Supreme Court order on registration of migrant workers is welcome. Priya Deshingkar writes: It stands up for the rights of the weakest and recognises their critical contribution to the economy. But challenges of implementation remain. 11.Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India amends the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (Insolvency Resolution Process for Corporate Persons) Regulations, 2016: Resolution professional to provide opinion 12.Creeping concern of India's debt:  There is fear of a credit ratings downgrade, but its impact may be limited; The high debt is worrying the rating agencies who also point to the high cost of servicing debt. Going ahead, it can undermine India’s allocation for social spending. 13.DRDO successfully flight-tests surface-to-air missile Akash-NG


21 July 2021: Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exam

1.The water harvesting structures in the villages of Rajasthan, including ponds, anicuts, check dams, ‘johads’ and ‘nadis’, will be studied to find out their contribution to the increase in groundwater level.  2.Coronavirus | Two-thirds of Indians have antibodies, shows ICMR survey 3.Parliament proceedings | No deaths reported due to lack of oxygen, Health Ministry tells Rajya Sabha 4.Pegasus is India's Watergate moment:  Intelligence gathering needs to be professionalised, parliamentary oversight introduced, and liberties and law protected. 5.Co-operative societies: Supreme Court strikes down parts of a Constitutional Amendment. 6.India can join the China-led South Asian initiative for COVID-19 vaccines and poverty alleviation too if it so desires, said Bangladesh Foreign Minister A.K. Abdul Momen, denying that a six-nation grouping launched earlier this month was meant to exclude India. 7.One District One Focus Product Scheme 8.Progress in Doubling Farmer Income 9.Stand Up India Scheme extended up to the year 2025 10.US Government Seeks 26/11 Accused Tahawwur Rana's Extradition To India; Tahawwur Rana, 59, is facing multiple criminal charges for his involvement in the 2008 Mumbai terror attack. 11.National Insecurity: IT Minister got it slightly wrong. Trying to snoop on citizens unlawfully is what maligns Indian democracy 12.India needs an economic stimulus that can also aid green energy transition; Ajay Shankar writes: Innovations around solar power, crop residue can create dispersed demand and jobs with large multiplier effects. 13.Only 47% of total UDAN routes currently operational: Icra; The number of new RCS routes which started operations increased at a healthy pace and stood at 102 in the financial year (FY) 2019 and 120 routes in FY2020. They, however, declined to 77 new routes in FY2021 due to the Covid-19 pandemic. 14.India's health inequality made worse by reduced health budget: Oxfam report


20 July 2021: Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exam

1.APEDA with Basmati Export Development Foundation organizes awareness creation programme for the basmati rice growers 2.Bad Bank launched for stressed assets as a measure to clean up bank books 3.Ethanol Blending has Improved from 1.53% during Ethanol Supply Year 2013-14 to 7.93% ongoing ESY 2020-21; AND E-100 Pilot Project Launched in Pune City 4.SC lays down salutary principle that right to life must override religious sentiments 5.Closure of schools has led to a great loss of nutrition and schooling. However, if schools revert to business as usual, India has to be prepared to confront a disaster in educational outcomes 6.Explained: How Israeli spyware Pegasus infects your device 7.Surveillance reforms need of the Hour: The proposed legislation related to the personal data protection of citizens fails to consider surveillance 8.Probe: Journalists, activists among Israeli firm's spyware targets 9.A more Humane Police Force: Political will is an essential component in bringing about any major reform in the Indian police force 10.India can compete better in the international arena if different States are developed as centres of excellence for different sports. 11.Monsoon lull may force oilseed farmers to shift to cotton, maize: CRISIL 12.Global Call to end Taliban offensive: Over a dozen nations say ‘offensive is in contradiction to their claim to support a negotiated settlement’. 13.The Oxfam report — 'Inequality Report 2021: India’s Unequal Healthcare Story' — released on Tuesday says that states attempting to reduce existing inequalities and with higher expenditure on health had lower confirmed cases of Covid-19. 14.Demands on Beijing to help stabilise Afghanistan are growing. Will they work? Neither the prospect of mining Afghanistan’s natural resources nor the vanity of being the newest superpower will compel China to rush into the Afghan vacuum. 15.Rama Srinivasan| Findings of recent Pew survey on inter-community marriages should be read in the context of lack of free choice on marriage for most Indians; Religion aside, caste, class and patriarchy ensure that most Indians aren’t free to choose who they marry 16.As the fear of creative liberties being curtailed gains ground, film producers and content studios are equally wary of the business and economic implications of the Cinematograph (Amendment) Bill, 2021 proposed by the information and broadcasting ministry recently. 17.We must close our gender gap in the funding of fintech venturesFintech firms founded by women rarely get adequate capital even though they could aid our economy in much-needed ways


19 July 2021: Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exam

1.Midday meals leave a long-lasting impact: study 2.Afghanistan’s neighbours must help it protect the democratic gains of the last two decades. 3.Trafficking needs a wholesome approach that is cognisant of the causative factors 4.Mere toleration or empirical plurality of cultures is not the same as a conscious democratic project of multiculturalism. 5.Phones of 2 Ministers, 3 Opp leaders among many targeted for surveillance: report; The Indian Express had in 2019 reported that Facebook-owned WhatsApp had confirmed use of Pegasus to target journalists and human right activists in India. WhatsApp had made the disclosure in a lawsuit it had filed in a US court in San Francisco. 6.What the new Ministry of Cooperation needs to achieve; Ashok Gulati writes: It must try to ensure professionalism in cooperatives and make them competitive. 7.Healthcare in India: rarely an election issue, despite limited access; Yet, they rarely become a political issue. However, it would be a mistake to imagine that citizens do not care about health facilities. 8.Oil Ministry authorises new companies to sell auto fuels in the country; According to a top ministry official, a fresh marketing authorisation has been granted to Reliance Industries under these norms. 9.Lenders have started looking for buyers for their stakes in asset reconstruction companies (ARCs) to free up capital for the launch of the National Asset Reconstruction Co. Ltd (NARCL), the ‘bad bank’ they will jointly own. 10.Crypto experts in demand as countries launch digital currencies


17 July 2021: Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exam

1.10,000 ‘jihadi’ fighters have crossed into Afghanistan from Pak., says Ashraf Ghani 2.Bail orders will be sent instantly to jail authorities: SCCJI announces scheme to cut delays in release from jail. SC slams jail admin over delay in releasing convicts after bail. 3.India needs a renewed health-care system 4.Supreme Court, while indicating its intention to reconsider the sedition provision in the Indian Penal Code, has raised the question most relevant to the issue: “Why does Section 124A continue in the statute book even after 75 years of independence?”  5.An irrational draft to control population: The Uttar Pradesh government should understand that evidence backs the principle of informed free choice 6.Ministry of Electronics & IT enables map services in “UMANG App”; Signs MoU with MapmyIndia 7.Shri R K Singh, Union Minister for Power and MNRE inaugurates “Aiming for Sustainable Habitat: New Initiatives in Building Energy Efficiency 2021”. 8.Eight new routes launched to boost regional aerial connectivity 9.Kharif sowing drops further, raises output concerns in oilseeds, pulses. Farmers might shift from soy, cotton and maize if rainfall doesn't improve sufficiently, analysts say 10.In line with NEP, 14 engineering colleges to teach in regional languages; At least half of them — four from Uttar Pradesh, two from Rajasthan and one each from Madhya Pradesh and Uttarakhand — will teach in Hindi. The remaining colleges — from Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, West Bengal and Tamil Nadu — will offer the programme in Telugu, Marathi, Bengali and Tamil, respectively. 11.Discovered in Faridabad: Prehistoric cave paintings that could be almost 1 lakh years old; The cave paintings first came to light in May this year when an environmental activist, Sunil Harsana, spotted them in Mangarbani hill forest in the Faridabad district of Haryana. 12.Pravakar Sahoo: G7 to counter China's BRI is coherent with no clear role for India 13.'Action needed at all levels': NITI CEO on improving ease of doing business; NITI Aayog CEO Amitabh Kant said that India should focus on sunrise areas for growth, such as electric vehicles and battery storage manufacturing, green hydrogen and artificial intelligence


16 July 2021: Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exam

1. Chief Justice of India N.V. Ramana, in what may be an unprecedented judicial criticism of the way the sedition law is used by the government to crush liberties, asked why a colonial law used against Mahatma Gandhi and Bal Gangadhar Tilak continued to survive in the law book after 75 years of Independence. 2. India, China cannot put the distrust of the past behind without resolving the border issue 3. State of the Economy in the central bank’s monthly Bulletin released on Thursday observed, fuel inflation, which excludes petrol and diesel, surged to a record 12.7% in June driven by LPG, kerosene and the rural poor’s mainstay, firewood and dung-cake. 4. Growing instances of judicial interference in an investigation are not only undesirable but also not sanctioned by law 5. Civil Aviation ministry releases draft of Drone Rules 2021 for public consultation till August 5. 6. Past as present: As Taliban prepares for a forceful takeover in Kabul, Delhi needs to play the waiting game 7. Ghost of Section 66A: The SC's strictures and the Centre's note underline the letter of the law. Now the challenge is to implement it in spirit. 8. Horticulture output reaches all-time high of 330 MT, acreage and production growing consistently. 9. How do we address the complicated claims of backwardness by various politically powerful castes?Suhas Palshikar writes: It's a task best left to a third backward classes commission. The question is, are we ready for it? 10. Explained: India’s Afghan investment; The Taliban's possible triumph threatens not just India's diplomatic stakes in Afghanistan, but also 20 years and $3 billion worth of Indian investment in various projects — dams, roads, trade infrastructure. 11. The Finance Ministry is predicted to introduce a Bill to amend The General Insurance Business (Nationalisation) Act, 1972, within the Monsoon Session of Parliament to amend one in all India’s foremost insurance coverage legal guidelines to facilitate the privatisation of a state-owned basic insurance coverage firm, as proposed within the Union Budget this February. 12. What explains China's sizeable presence in India's import basket; Merchandise imports from the country more than doubled in April YoY. 13. Power users may soon get to choose supplier Cabinet may consider landmark bill to reform power distribution biz.


15 July 2021: Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exam

1.‘Excess deaths’ in Haryana seven times official COVID-19 toll. 2.Court fines Delhi Police ?25K for ‘farcical’ probe into riots case. 3.A simple reading of U.P.’s draft population control law is that it will grossly impinge on the right to reproductive freedom. 4.Sudden interest in ‘population control’ in Assam and UP points to political bad faith; S Y Quraishi writes: What is the provocation for the CMs of Assam and UP to suddenly announce their respective population policies? 5.India largest source of government information requests, says Twitter ; It accounts for 25% of Global volume: Transparency report. 6.Cabinet approves Revising and Realigning various components of Department of Animal Husbandry & Dairying Schemes and Special livestock package for leveraging investment of Rs.54,618 crore. 7.1 lakh villages and 50 thousand Gram Panchayats become ‘Har Ghar Jal’ 8.‘Renewables provide 37% of India’s power capacity; From less than 20GW of solar power in 2010 it has grown to 96GW of solar, wind biomass and small hydro power in May 2021 — including large hydropower, renewables now provide 142GW or 37% of the country's power capacity. 9.IN A 2:1 verdict, the Supreme Court on Wednesday struck down certain provisions of the Tribunals Reforms (Rationalisation and Conditions of Service) Ordinance, 2021 relating to minimum age requirement of 50 for appointment as Chairperson or Members and fixing their tenure at four years. 10.Retrieving lost Aadhaar is challenging because of unfounded privacy concerns; R. S. Sharma, Ashok Pal Singh write: Pushed by privacy vigilantes, a fallacious view has developed that the Aadhaar number should be treated as a secret or confidential number, making its retrieval an uphill task. 11.Drafted in the name of consumer interest, the proposed e-commerce rules shield vested interests; Ishan Bakshi writes: In a capital-deficit country, rather than welcoming capital, we seem to be creating more and more hoops for it to jump through. 12.India's Afghan crisis; Its options have narrowed as the Taliban advances 13.China set to launch the world’s largest emissions-trading program.


14 July 2021: Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exam

1.Sputnik V developer partners with SII for 300mn jabs a year 2.Aadhaar uncertainty for 27 lakh in Assam as NRC in limbo. 3.The Delimitation exercise:  The national compact has to be reimagined so that post 2026, the most successful States are not punished politically. 4.Population policy: Socio-economic empowerment is more effective than coercion in cutting fertility rates. 5.Population control fiasco; The ill-advised two-child policy must be reviewed 6.Several steps can be taken to ensure that people are not booked under laws held unconstitutional. 7.Anti-terror laws not to quell dissent; SC role counter-majoritarian: Justice Chandrachud; Stating that the Supreme Court “plays the role of a counter-majoritarian institution”, he said it is the Court’s “duty to protect the rights of socio-economic minorities”. 8.Almost 400 years after she was murdered in present day Iran, relics of St. Queen Ketevan that were found in Goa in 2005 are likely to be put on display in India as well as her native Georgia, according to Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) officials. 9.Funding gap may stump ‘Housing for All’ goal. 10.CGST Zones and Directorate General of GST Intelligence booked about 8000 cases involving fake ITC of over Rs. 35000 crore in FY 2020-21. 11.RBI’s Tightrope: It may be premature to withdraw accommodative policies, but it is necessary to remain mindful of inflationary pressures. 12.It’s time victims of UAPA demanded restitution, justice; Chander Uday Singh writes: Such proceedings represent the only means of combating the culture of impunity that allows investigating agencies to knowingly load on palpably frivolous, even demonstrably false, charges of UAPA or sedition. 13.Explained: The rise and fall of KP Oli; The last three years have been dramatic for Oli, from his rise to power with a historic mandate to the Nepal Supreme Court order that has ended his stint as Prime Minister. A look at the events that led to his undoing. 14.‘Write-offs of Rs 1.85 lakh crore aid banks to bring down bad loans’; On March 23, 2021, the Supreme Court lifted the ban on NPA classification. With this, the GNPA ratio of SCBs settled at 7.5% in March 2021 as compared with 8.5% in the quarter ended March 2020 which was largely driven by PSBs. 15.Govt-appointed panel to meet on modalities of open network for e-commerce; The discussions and meetings will begin soon to allocate work to various agencies that will be involved in developing the platform, said an official in the know. 16.Children of mid-day meal scheme beneficiaries show better growth: Study published in journal Nature Communications, is titled 'Intergenerational nutrition benefits of India's national school feeding program' 17.Solar developers eye ways to reduce customs duty burden 18.We had a One China policy for long. It's time for a relook


13 July 2021: Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exam

1.In a blow for K P Oli, Nepal SC asks President to appoint Congress leader Sher Bahadur Deuba as PM. The apex court also reinstated the dissolved House of Representatives for a second time in five months. 2.The power of scrutiny: SC verdict on Delhi Assembly’s Committee on Peace and Harmony. 3.Tracing the decline of U.S. power 4.Prioritising school reopening on the road to recovery 5.Monsoon eludes Delhi though conditions are favourable 6.The Union Home Minister Shri Amit Shah inaugurated the newly built Center of Excellence for Research & Analysis of Narcotics and Psychotropic Substances of the National Forensic Science University in Ahmedabad. 7.Assam’s new cattle Bill: Can’t sell beef in Hindu, Sikh, Jain areas or within 5-km radius of temple 8.Weather Department Says Failure To Predict Monsoon For Delhi "Rare". Failure by numerical models in the prediction of monsoon advance over Delhi is rare and uncommon, the India Meteorological Department said. 9.Family mis-planning; UP’s new population policy and draft law contrive spectres of political bad faith. They must be reviewed. 10.Regional powers and the Afghanistan question; C Raja Mohan writes: The quiet satisfaction in Moscow, Beijing, Tehran and Rawalpindi is tinged by worries about the longer-term implications of Washington's retreat from Afganistan. If India is patient, opportunities could open up. 11.Explained: ‘Kongu Nadu’, a region not formally defined, yet the subject of a ‘bifurcation’ debate in Tamil Nadu; There is a debate in Tamil Nadu over an alleged attempt to bifurcate the state, after some BJP handles were seen supporting the idea of 'Kongu Nadu'. What is Kongu Nadu, and how did the controversy break? 12.India Aims to Target over ?100 Billion “Blue Economy” Through Deep Ocean Mission and Ocean Resources – Minister Dr. Jitendra Singh 13.After G7 pledge, EU seeks to rival China's BRI with own infra plan. 14.New Research Shows Just 25 Mega-Cities Produce 52% of the World’s Urban Greenhouse Gas Emissions.


12 July 2021: Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exam

1.U.P.’s new population policy keeps all sections in mind: Adityanath 2.UP population plan for ‘balance’ among communities, lower fertility rate a focus: The draft Bill, on which suggestions have been invited from the public until July 19, proposes to bar people with more than two children from contesting local bodies elections, applying for government jobs, and receiving any kind of government subsidy. 3.A Kerala model for an anti-discrimination lawIf enacted this law will be the largest expansion of civil rights in the State, and can be emulated by the rest of India. 4.In the pushback against China, strategic cooperation between India, Italy and Japan can ensure a free Indo-Pacific. 5.It is critical that we safeguard young people’s well-being because India’s welfare hinges on them. 6.21st Session of India-Italy Joint Commission for Economic Cooperation. 7.The genome of a Salt-secreting Mangrove Species Decoded by DBT-ILS 8.Taliban at Kandahar gates, India pulls out nationals from consulate in city: As of Sunday, there were no Indian diplomats or other staffers at the Indian consulates in Kandahar, Herat, and Jalalabad — there were only about 15-20 Afghan staffers at each of these locations. 9.Our children need education. How much longer can schools remain shut? Tanya Aggarwal, Simran Khara write: Schools need not be opened tomorrow but, at the very least, a move towards policy interventions should be made. 10.The cooperative spirit: The new Ministry should seek to be a catalyst, and not the command centre, of the sector. 11.Liberating co-ops: New minister of cooperation must make it easier for cooperatives to do business, from registration to winding up. 12.Explained: Electing a Speaker, Deputy Speaker; Maharashtra has been without a Speaker since February, while Lok Sabha and several state Assemblies are without a Deputy Speaker. How are they elected in various legislatures? Does their party affiliation matter? 13.With the rate of returns on the country’s foreign exchange reserves declining, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and the government are exploring ways to enhance returns and have sought external expert assistance for better deployment of forex. 14.India's power consumption grew nearly 18% in first week of July to 30.33 billion units (BU) compared to a year ago and returned to pre-pandemic level mainly due to easing of lockdown curbs and delayed monsoon, according to power ministry data. 15.How rising global commodity prices hurt Indian economy 16.Scanty southwest monsoon affects kharif crop sowingTotal acreage of the summer crops was down 11% compared to corresponding period last year.


10 July 2021: Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exam

1.WhatsApp will put policy on hold till data law is enacted. 2.Favouring the introduction of Uniform Civil Code (UCC), the Delhi High Court has said the Indian youth need not be forced to struggle with issues arising due to conflicts in various personal laws in relation to marriage and divorce.. 3.It is quite disconcerting that the Supreme Court has been informed for the second time in two years that Section 66A of the IT Act, which was struck down as unconstitutional six years ago, is still being invoked by the police and in some trial courts.  4.Declining Democracy: In the current moment, it is important to be clear why comparisons with China are not only specious but also dangerous. 5.Deception is a legitimate strategy of Chinese diplomacy, says Vijay Gokhale 6.Himalayan yaks to be insuredNational Research Centre on Yak terms it a landmark move 7.Taliban say they now control 85% of Afghanistan’s territory.  The claim, which is impossible to verify, was considerably higher than previous Taliban statements that more than a third of the country's 421 districts and district centers were in their control. 8.Rail Cargo movement between India and Nepal gets a big boost. Cargoes in all categories of wagons that can carry freight on Indian Railways network within India can also now carry freight to and from Nepal. 9.Iran President-elect invites India for swearing-in event. A decision will soon be taken about the participation — which government of India representative will go for the oath-taking ceremony in Tehran. 10.Unease of business. Government should respect arbitration award in Cairn case. Not doing so sends wrong message to investor community. 11.Falling government school enrolment is alarming and it needs to be addressed soon. Governance must shift from control of resources to learning outcomes; learning design, responsiveness, teacher management, community relationships, integrity, fair decision making, and financial sustainability. 12.A new report by WWF and UNEP has found that 35 per cent of India’s tiger ranges currently lie outside protected areas. The report, A Future for All – A need for Human-Wildlife Coexistence, examined increasing human-wildlife conflict, and has found that marine and terrestrial protected areas only cover 9.67 per cent globally.


09 July 2021: Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exam

1.Cairn claims order to attach 20 India properties in Paris. 2.Cairn versus India: What lies ahead 3.As the reality of the U.S. withdrawal takes hold, the future will depend on Taliban-Kabul dynamics and Pakistan’s role. 4.This year’s restrictions by States have inflicted less economic costs than the 2020 lockdown 5.Should only elected legislators be eligible for chief ministership? 6.Tracking fugitives everywhere: In the absence of a coordinated database, criminals can go undetected 7.India junks Pakistan's claim of RAW hand in blast near Hafiz Saeed’s home 8.Cabinet approves modifications in Central Sector Scheme of financing facility under ‘Agriculture Infrastructure Fund’ 9.What is the Collegium system’s role in protecting democracy? Dushyant Dave writes: Selection of deserving judges is essential to ensure independence of judiciary. The Collegium must do its best in this task. 10.Civil society must accept its failure to hold government accountable. To not see the strengthening of institutions and the deepening of checks and balances as important areas of work is our collective failure, one we must address immediately. 11.Explained: Why a Cooperation Ministry. The newly formed Ministry of Cooperation, headed by Amit Shah, will aim to strengthen the cooperative movement in the country. How do cooperatives work, and why was the need for the new Ministry felt? 12.The US and Japan have objected to India’s frequent ban on onion exports at the WTO, claiming that such prohibitions without prior notification put importing countries in great difficulty. 13.OMCs ?to ?monetize pipelines? via? InvITs


08 July 2021: Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exam

1.Cabinet reshuffle attempts inclusion, political messaging 2.Delhi gets own genome sequencing lab 3.Health start-ups providing innovative solutions 4.The Taliban should not be allowed to take control of Afghanistan through bloodshed. 5.Challenging negative social norms 6.A long road for migrant workers: The guidelines laid down by the Supreme Court are welcome, but they require robust systems. 7.Centre must step up cash flow to states - Aditi Nayar writes: By increasing tax devolution, Centre can help states tide over another uncertain year and make spending comfortable for them 8.Explained: Religions in India, ‘living together separately’; A study by Pew Research Center has found that most Indians respect religious diversity. Yet they prefer to live in separate spheres, and frown on interfaith marriages. 9.India’s peak power demand surpasses 200 GW for first time 10.New solar thermal components testing facility at  Hyderabad to give further fillip to India’s growing solar sector 11.Govt's move to bring DPE under FinMin to aid privatisation process. The changes are being done as govt looks to maintain "bare minimum" presence in PSUs in strategic sectors and privatise, merge, or close the remaining state-owned entities. 12.Oil climbed to $77.16 a barrel on 5 July, its highest in nearly three years, and was trading at $75.65 a barrel on Wednesday as a result of a deadlock over the United Arab Emirates’ (UAE’s) production quota. How will this impasse affect India?  13.RIDF technology:  GST officials are now identifying vehicles that pose a risk of revenue leakage by comparing details furnished at the time of generating e-way bills for goods movement with the actual movement of vehicles captured at toll plazas


07 July 2021: Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exam

1.Fresh stirrings on federalism as a new politics 2.WHO’s guidance on community mental health services balances care and support with rights and participation. 3.Unpacking China's Game: It is upgrading defence infrastructure in the Tibetan plateau to nullify the disadvantages that its airpower has vis-à-vis India. 4.Rajasthan to develop corridor connecting 3 tiger reserves. Senior officials from the Rajasthan forest department say that in April, the state government had sent the proposal to develop the Ramgarh Vishdhari sanctuary for tigers. 5.An uneven field: Draft e-commerce rules raise concerns of regulatory overreach. Welfare of consumers must be firmly at centre of policy. 6.How the fear of imperial encirclement has driven the Chinese Communist Party. Prabhat Patnaik writes: Its development strategy since the 1980s has not been oriented towards building socialism, but towards turning China into a big power. 7.Amid rising Taliban wins, consulates shut down 8.Wealth from Waste: Spent catalyst from industry can be an efficient catalyst for batteries. 9.Justice Department commemorates the milestone of crossing 9 lakh beneficiaries under its Tele-Law programme 10.Drone policy set to be relaxed as IAF goes for counter-rogue tech. 11.Govt may make Bureau of Indian Standards must for public procurement. 12.What four years of GST have taught us


06 July 2021: Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exam

1.CBSE divides 2021-22 academic year into two terms 2.Gauging pandemic mortality with civil registration data. Underestimation is likely as the CRS is still an imperfect system, with potential sources of error. 3.The future of India-Africa cooperation is agriculture, even as the China factor looms large 4.In the current context, the feasibility of the All India Judicial Service requires to be studied. The Union government appears to be steadfast in its resolve to implement reforms in recruitment and appointment to the subordinate judicial services. 5.How India and China are shaped by the idea of national humiliation. Pratap Bhanu Mehta writes: While China uses it to legitimise authoritarian rule, India’s lack of egalitarianism makes it harder for national humiliation to be owned equally. 6.Context: Father stan Swamy death;  Reading Section 43D(5): How it sets the bar for bail so high under UAPA 7.Looking to open source e-comm processes, DPIIT sets up panel; This has come at a time the government is already engaging with major foreign-funded online marketplaces like Amazon and Flipkart over the draft Consumer Protection (E-commerce) Rules, which the Consumer Affairs Ministry published last month. 8.Union Education Minister launches NIPUN Bharat Programme today 9.Text of PM’s address at CoWIN Global Conclave 2021 10.Explained: How cryptocurrency turbocharged the cybercrime racket 11.WHY THE IBC PROCESS IS OFTEN FALLING SHORTThe bankruptcy process is able to recover about 39 paisa for each rupee of defaulted loan. Is it good enough? Despite steep haircuts and imperfections, the bankruptcy code is working.


05 July 2021: Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exam

1. Week after Jammu attack, Srinagar administration bans drones. The Srinagar administration warned that the sale, possession, storage, use and transport of drones would invite action. 2. Taliban captures several districts in Afghanistan. 3. The problem now with the military synergy plan. 4. Restoring health of every constituent sector is a must for long-term growth in exports 5. The Salwa Judum judgment was delivered 10 years ago, but nothing has been done to implement it. 6. Draft anti-trafficking Bill widens scope of offences, includes stringent penalties. The recommendations for the Bill are to be submitted to the Ministry by July 14. 7. A farmer-friendly solution to cut cattle methane emissions. 8. Independent directors, company boards ensure checks and balance. Who gets on to them is critical to corporate governance. 9. Battling inflation. Centre must lower import tariffs and reduce excise duty on diesel instead of reinstituting trade controls. 10. Why the dairy sector needs more private players. Ashok Gulati, Ayushi Khurana write: Milk cooperatives did a great job during ‘Operation Flood’. But it was the entry of the private sector that unleashed creativity and competition. 11. Ministry of Women and Child Development invites comments/ suggestions onThe Trafficking in Persons (Prevention, Care and Rehabilitation) Bill, 2021. 12. Gaps in tax reform. Details of new global agreement will need to be scrutinised. 13. India to divert excess waters under Indus treaty to irrigate own land. 14. ‘Drinking water availability can result in a 2-3% jump in GDP’. 15. Literacy, numeracy mission deadline pushed back two years to 2027


03 July 2021: Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exam

1. LeT could be behind drone attack in Jammu, says DGP 2. 4,000-year-old settlement found during Odisha excavation 3. India must continue to monitor discrimination in vaccine passports issue 4. Rural solutions that other states can emulate: The Rajasthan Electricity Regulatory Commission (RERC) has ordered the State’s three power distribution companies, or discoms to solarise unelectrified public schools. This has the potential to electrify about 1,500 government schools and generate about 15 MW of power. 5. Controlling the Price of Pulses: Centre asks States to impose stock limit on pulses 6. Anganwadi workers in several States, including Punjab and Haryana, are up in arms after a government order threatened them with a pay cut if they did not download the government’s mobile application called Poshan Tracker to record delivery of services by them. They demanded to know who would give them the mobile phones and bear the expenses for recharge. 7. Voices against NSCN ‘taxes’ grow stronger 8.India sees ‘consensus’ by Oct. on OECD-G20 global tax deal; 9.Plans by Big Tech to foray further into India’s financial sector pose risks for traditional banks as the tech firms have the potential to become dominant players in financial services, the Reserve Bank of India said. 10. 12.5 lakh private school students ‘missing’, Haryana sounds alert; The data submitted by private schools to the Haryana Education Department shows that 17.31 lakh students had enrolled for the 2021-22 academic session as of June 28, against 29.83 lakh last year. 11. Court correction; The NIA special court order on Akhil Gogoi should serve as a warning against weaponising sedition, anti-terror laws 12. ???????U.S. Leaves Its Last Afghan Base, Effectively Ending Operations; With little fanfare, Bagram Air Base — once the military’s nerve center — was handed over to the Afghans, after nearly 20 years of waging war from the hub. 13. Commerce Ministry’s Logistics Division unveils plans for ‘Freight Smart Cities’; Launches portal and handbook with 14 key measures to enhance urban freight systems 14.From Neeraj Chopra to Bajrang Punia, the ones India's Tokyo hopes ride on 15.Folk artists as record-keepers of the pandemic; For perhaps the first time, folk and tribal artists around the country have been united by a common theme: covid-19


02 July 2021: Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exam

 1.In the academic year that ended with school closures due to COVID-19, only 22% of schools in India had Internet facilities, according to Education Ministry data released on Thursday. Among government schools, less than 12% had Internet in 2019-20, while less than 30% had functional computer facilities.  2.Envisioning the post-pandemic smart city 3.A bubble burst is no figment of the imagination 4.What lies ahead for IBC and stressed assets resolution? 5.The GNCTD (Amendment) Act prohibits the exercise of free speech in the Assembly and its committees 6.The gross non-performing asset (GNPA) ratio of India’s Scheduled Commercial Banks (SCBs) may climb by the end of the current fiscal year to as much as 11.2% under a severe stress scenario, from 7.48% in March 2021, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) said in the Financial Stability Report released on Thursday. 7.Zydus Cadila seeks nod for world’s first DNA Covid vaccine; If approved by the regulator, ZyCov-D will be the world's first DNA vaccine against infection with SARS-CoV-2. 8.SC rejects Centre’s plea to review ruling against state power on SEBCs; With the review plea dismissed, the Centre can now move a curative writ petition, the last legal resort available to remedy a judgment of the Supreme Court, or address the issue through Parliament. 9.The religious life of Indians, according to a recent survey; Pratap Bhanu Mehta writes: Indians are committed to religious diversity, but exclusionary and segmented in toleration, and tempted by authoritarianism. 10.Why a grassroots mass movement is necessary to fight dowry; Accepting dowry should be made a social stigma, and all generations should be addressed. Get superstars to endorse this.  11.Rule of Law vs Rule by Law; CJI N V Ramana: The former is what we fought for, the latter is an instrument of colonial rule. In the face of a pandemic, it's important to reflect on how the tension between the two defines the quality of justice. 12.Explained: Facing up to the drone challenge; Sunday’s drone attack in Jammu underlines an emerging threat as well as a need to build capacity in this field. How is India placed in drone technology and offensive measures to counter such attacks in future? 13.130 countries back global minimum corporate tax of 15% 14.Union Education Minister releases Report on United District Information System for Education Plus (UDISE+) 2019-20. 15.An NFT of the World Wide Web source code sold for $5.4 million: Report 16.At current pace, most Indian states will fail to vaccinate all adults this year 17.Escape the middle income trap; start planning now


01 July 2021: Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exam

1.Elections no guarantee against tyranny: CJI 2.Drones, flying toys banned in J&K’s Rajouri district after attacks 3.The proposed amendments to the cinematograph law will prevent film-makers from making certain kinds of films 4.India’s 1991 liberalisation leap and lessons for today; The reforms were hugely successful but a lot remains to be done, says one of the architects of the transition 5.Disruptions caused by the pandemic call for innovative and holistic methods of assessment 6.Big tech firms should be held accountable: Jaishankar 7.Not just PSUs, even India Inc likes IAS on board as director; From the top finance official who took over as HDFC Bank chairman just last month to the senior industries official who joined the board of tractor manufacturer Escorts Ltd within six months of retirement. 8.Supreme Court: Kin of Covid victims entitled to compensation, frame guidelines; While mandating guidelines to provide ex gratia, the bench declined to specify the amount of compensation to be provided. 9.IMA flags 800 doctor deaths in second wave; A majority were from Bihar and Delhi, as per the IMA, which has maintained a state-wise registry of doctors who died of Covid-19. 10.Location no bar; Government must ensure quick and effective rollout of One Nation One Ration Card 11.France and India’s successive presidencies are a force for good in UN Security Council; Emmanuel Lenain writes: In the face of conventional rivalries and transnational threats, our countries are convinced that only coordinated, human-centric responses can ensure peace and stability 12.Atal Innovation Mission concludes first fintech cohort of ‘AIM-iLEAP’ as major step to accelerate Tech Start-ups across India 13.SEBI has come up with a framework creating so-called accredited investors, with relaxations for high-value investment vehicles. 14.Online retail sees biggest jump in 2021; The segment is expected to clock $55 billion in sales, up 45% from last year; India's consumer digital economy to grow 10x to $800 bn by 2030: Redseer 15.E-commerce rule book in letter and spirit 16.Reserve Bank of India: The real hero of the 1991 economic reforms; The three governments of that decade - the Congress, the United Front, and the National Democratic Alliance - went along because whatever the RBI did had no impact on votes.

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