Best IAS/IPS/UPSC Coaching Centre

How to Choose Cadre or Do Services Preference in UPSC DAF?

Services Preference in Detailed Application Form.

  • The Order of preference of services for Civil Service is asked when you have qualified for the mains. This list of services includes the All India Services, Group 'A' and Group 'B' services, you may choose the order of preference of services as per your choice. You might be want to join a particular service which you wish to opt for, but rather than get stuck to the only one service, you should choose other options too, that too in order of popularity. Why to waste your chance to choose the best? You can change your preferences to a less popular service once you qualify, but you will not get an opportunity to change to a more popular service even though your rank may permit it. So it is not a good idea to list the order of preference starting with the service you wish to join? Its better you choose the preference according to the list of services in Demand.

  • Some people underestimate themselves and list their preference first for lower or less desirable services so that they get it for sure. Why to under estimate yourself when you have qualified for the mains? Start with the very first service that is All India Service then Group A and if you belong to south or the union territories you may choose the Group B Service. Make sure you do not leave out any service due to over confidence. List all of them in descending order so that in case you do not get the service you think you will surely get, you still have some options left. The civil services results can be very unpredictable and even if you are a topper in your school and college, you may not get the best services on the list.

  • Get to know about the responsibilities and posting of all the services and their standing in society vis-a-vis other jobs you may take up. You may look down upon some services to begin with but most times they are better options than to take up private jobs or other technical jobs. Make sure you do your research and not regret later as many do every year. You can see some basic information on the links above or also take some advice from the Civil Service Exam coaching experts too. You will then be aware about the best of the services which you can pursue and choose while applying for the mains.
  • Cadre and service allocation depends on the basis of a candidate’s rank, preference, vacancies and even category. Hence, one must be very careful with the choice of cadre and services they intend to join as it also plays a role in allocation of services. So, it becomes one of the important factors in deciding the career of UPSC candidates. Let us understand how to go about choosing the cadre as well as the service preferences.

What exactly is the cadre allocation system?

A cadre is a state or group of states/Union Territories from where officers of the All-India Services, like the IAS and IPS start their service.


What are the available cadres?

The joint cadres or states are divided into the following five zones:

  1. Zone-1 (AGMUT, Jammu and Kashmir, Rajasthan, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, and Punjab)
  2. Zone-2 (Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and Odisha)
  3. Zone-3 (Gujarat, Maharashtra, Chattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh)
  4. Zone-4 (Manipur, Nagaland, West Bengal, Sikkim, Assam-Meghalaya, and Tripura) and
  5. Zone-5 (Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and Kerala)

What is the system of allocating cadre to the candidates?

  1. Firstly, the UPSC aims for a variety of officers from the categories: general, SC, ST, OBC in every cadre.
  2. Secondly, UPSC tries to allot two outside officers (whose home cadre is different from the assigned cadre) for every one officer who is assigned a home cadre. This is done to ensure that there is balance and national integration of officers is exercised.

How can a candidate choose their cadre preferences?

  1. Candidates need to select their cadre in a descending order of preference in an alphabetical order. For instance, a candidate hailing from Tamil Nadu ought to keep the cadre preference of the state towards a later preference among other states that may begin with A, B, C or D, etc.
  2. The preference process takes place in the following manner:
    1. One must select the zone preference
    2. Then, the next step is to choose the cadre preference
    3. Further, the process is to be repeated for each Zone and Cadre in the order of preference. Also, one cannot choose the same cadre twice.
    4. In case where candidates do not mark their cadre preference, it will be assumed that they do not have any preferred choice and hence the authorities will have the power to allot both accordingly.
  3. Physically disabled quota candidate get an additional option to select their preferences.

On a final note, it is important to note that the cadre allocation for civil servants are made prior to the foundation course at LBSNAA.

What are the services available for candidates to choose from?

Candidates are asked for their order of preference of services to the Civil Services when they qualify for the Mains exam. This list of services include the All India Services, Group 'A' and Group 'B' services. From among these, you may choose the order of preference of services as per your choice.

  1. All India Service - Indian Administrative Services (IAS), Indian Police Services (IPS), Indian forest Services (IFoS)
  2. Group A services – Indian Foreign Services (IFS), Indian Revenue Service (IRS), etc.
  3. Group B services – DANICS, DANIPS, etc.

You can check the full list in the official website of UPSC

What should be the psyche behind choosing the services?

You can follow this three-step procedure to make your choice of services:

  1. You may have your eyes set on a particular service, but that would mean you are stuck with only that choice. Instead, you must choose other popular options as well. Remember, there always must be a safety net when things don't go as planned.
  2. Next, think about ‘Why should you not use your chance to choose the best’? Your choice of services must be a mix of what you desire and what is in demand. This ensures variety in your list and gives you the chance to go for services in demand.
  3. Further, analyse ‘Why is variety in choices required?’ This is because, you can change your preferences to a less popular service once you qualify, but you will not get an opportunity to change to a more popular service even though your rank may permit it. So, it is not a good idea to list the order of preference starting with the service you intend to join.

Generally, it is wise and advised to choose your preferences according to the list of services in demand at the time of filling the form.

What should one do before filling service preference in DAF?

  1. First, you must decide for yourself the type of service you want to get into. Then, go through every service in detail so you understand the demands of those services. Doing this will help you sort out your priorities. You can also communicate to people serving in those job profiles to gain a new angle.
  2. Shortlist the services that you think you are interested in. Also, you must think about the type of life that you will be leading if you get into that service. For example, you can opt for IAS if you want to deal with policy making, administration, etc. You can go for IFS if you want to work in different countries. Further, you can opt for IPS if you have keen interest in law and order. Decide the list based on the type of life you will get if you get into that service.
  3. If there is a confusion, you can list down what type of work interests you and what you are good at. There are many services under UPSC and you can tally your interests with them.
  4. You can also consult your friends and family. If you know somebody who is in the services that is an added bonus because you can easily look into the reality. Also, experienced people will always be able to guide you in the right direction if you are clueless.
  5. Finally, do extensive research about the salary, the perks and benefits as these differ from service to service. But, always keep the priority of work first.
  6. You can also read about the salary and perks of each service, but let that not be your sole criterion for deciding the preference list.

The IAS/IPS remain at the top of the list for many aspirants as it comes with a lot of respect and power to bring changes in society. Also, clearing these services aids in making a name for oneself and the family with hard work and dedication to serve the society.

What should one avoid while choosing the services?

  1. Some people underestimate or overestimate themselves while listing their preference of services. This is what one should avoid while filling the DAF. If you are confident enough that you will score good marks, start with the very first service that is All India Service then Group A and if you belong to south or the union territories you may choose the Group B Services.
  2. Also, make sure you do not leave out any service due to over confidence. List all of them in descending order so that in case you do not get the service you think you will surely get, you still have some options left. The civil services results can be very unpredictable. So, one must gear up to face the ups and downs which is a natural part of life.

Final tips on choosing the services!

  1. Before anything else, you must analyse the roles and duties of the particular service that you want to get into.
  2. Next, one may think that lower services which take up people from ranks above 500 to 700 are not good enough jobs. But, the perks and benefits that come with them may also be better than private or other technical jobs. So, if you are someone who does not want to get into the private sector, you must choose wisely after proper calculations based on your interests and wants
  3. Also, make sure you do your research well. This is to avoid any kind of mistake that many candidates oversee. You can also seek advice of senior experts from coaching centers or serving officers.
  4. But above all, your desire to work for the civilians of the country should be your main priority as you will be entering the civil services i.e. service to the nation! So, decide patiently which type of work you would like to contribute to.